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Dog Breeds

13 canine breeds that dwell lengthy

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Dogs bring joy to our lives, but one thing makes them heartbreaking: They don’t live as long as we do. The life expectancy of dogs varies widely between five and 18 years. This is due to many factors, but the most important one is size. Research has shown that large dogs generally have a shorter lifespan than small dogs because they age faster.

So it’s not surprising that a list of longest-lived dog breeds includes mostly smaller canines. Here is a collection of the dogs that you can expect to be with you for a long time.

Chihuahua

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Life span: 14-16 years

Animated and entertaining, Chihuahuas are intelligent and attentive dogs who are good with children, who are gentle and patient. They are an extra small breed that does their best as a pet. Though both short-haired and long-haired varieties, Chihuahua were bred for Mexico’s warm weather, so they don’t do well in the cold.

Chihuahuas don’t need a lot of exercise, but they can get overweight easily if given too much food or too many treats. So pay close attention to the portion size.

The life expectancy for Chihuahua is between 14 and 16 years. A dog named Megabyte surpassed this, reaching 20 years and 265 days. This made him the oldest of his breed at the time of his death in 2014.

Miniature poodle

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Life span: 10-18 years

As the smallest variety of the poodle, the miniature poodle has the same looks and personality as its larger relatives, but in a much more petite package. They don’t lose much (so they’re a great choice for people with allergies), but they do need regular grooming, even if you don’t want them to look like show dogs.

Miniature poodles are intelligent, athletic, and energetic, which makes sense given that poodles were originally bred to be hunting dogs. They are more prone to orthopedic problems than their standard counterparts, but most live long, healthy lives. In fact, they have one of the longest lifetimes of any breed of dog. In 2012, Chichi, who was between 24 and 26 years old, was the oldest Miniature Poodle ever recorded.

Pomerania

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Life span: 12-16 years

The Pomeranian belongs to a group of dogs unofficially known as the Spitz group, descended from the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. This compact, smart breed of toy has a fluffy double coat that doesn’t need a surprising amount of brushing. It comes in a rainbow of colors, but the most popular colors are orange and red.

Pomeranians are known to be extroverted with great personalities. With routine grooming, a good diet, and adequate exercise, they can live long lives without facing major health problems.

The Pomeranian has an expected lifespan of 12 to 16 years. However, at the time of his death in 2016, 21-year-old Coty was the longest-lived Pomeranian.

Australian cattle dog

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Life span: 12-16 years

Australian cattle dogs, also known as blue heels, are hard-working canines that are highly intelligent and happiest when they have a job to do. To avoid boredom (which can lead to creative misconduct due to their intelligence), an Australian Cattle Dog should be kept busy and challenged both mentally and physically. Good activity options include herding, running, and participating in canine sports such as agility and obedience.

The cattle dog’s distinctive fur is spotted blue or red, which is due to a Dalmatian’s involvement in its breeding history. In terms of extra care, the only real need for this dog to have their perky ears regularly checked for wax buildup and unfamiliar objects.

As of 2021, an Australian cattle dog holds the Guinness World Record for oldest dog of all time. Bluey was 29 years and five months old.

dachshund

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Life span: 12-16 years

Dachshunds are spunky, playful dogs with three possible coats: sleek, wired, and long-haired. Despite their short stature, these dogs were bred to hunt badgers when they were developed in Germany 600 years ago. In fact, the name of the breed means “badger dog”.

Dachshunds can be stubborn, but they’re usually great fun to be around. Its elongated back is iconic, but it carries a higher risk of disc injuries. It is especially important to keep these dogs fit and at a healthy weight so that they can support their extra long spine.

Dachshunds have held the Guinness World Record title for oldest dog more than once. One of them was a 20 year old named Chanel.

Parson Russell Terrier

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Life span: 13-15 years

Also called Jack Russell Terriers, these smart little dogs are brave and sociable. They are known to be alert, confident, and having fun.

Parson Russell Terriers were developed in England almost 200 years ago to hunt foxes. So you are fast runners and experienced excavators. This love for nature is preserved in today’s modern breed, which is evident in their high energy levels and need for exercise. As such, they may not be the best choice for city and apartment dwellers.

The life expectancy of a Parson Russell Terrier is 13 to 15 years. In 2014, British dog Willie passed away at the age of 20, making it the oldest of the breed at the time of his death.

Maltese

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Life span: 12-15 years

The Maltese were so popular with the Greeks that they were written in literature and had tombs built in their honor. Typically gentle and affectionate, they are often viewed as a classic lap dog. The breed is also known for their silky white hair, which is often worn long. However, don’t let its elegance fool you. The Maltese also has a fearless trail and likes to play the role of the guard dog.

This breed is more prone to liver problems than others, but simple bile acid tests can rule out any concerns to ensure a dog is leading a happy and healthy life. One Maltese dog that caught the eye was a rescue named Zac who, at 20, far exceeded the lifespan of his breed.

Yorkshire Terrier

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Life span: 11-15 years

Like the Maltese, the Yorkshire Terrier (affectionately called “Yorkie”) has a shiny coat that can get quite long. The breed was named for the English county they came from, where they were originally used to trap rats in clothing factories. They eventually went from being the millworker’s pets to being aristocrats.

In terms of temperament, Yorkies are both independent and spirited. They tend not to realize how small they are – they have big personalities that might come as a surprise from a dog of their size.

Yorkies are expected to live between 11 and 15 years. A dog named Bonny turned around 28 in 2011, and there was talk of possibly being the oldest living dog in the world at the time.

Shih Tzu

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Life span: 10-18 years

Another breed with the potential for a luxurious coat is the Shih Tzu, although it looks just as cute in a shorter puppy cut. Their name comes from the Chinese word for “lion” and it is possible that references to them can be found in documents, paintings, and other works of art as early as 624 AD.

The Shih Tzu is known as the “dog with a chrysanthemum face” because of the round way its hair grows randomly on its face. This is also why you often see Shih Tzus with long hair wearing the signature ponytail on top of their heads.

This breed is full of affection and good with children. Its pronounced eyes make it especially cute, but this attribute can also lead to eye health problems. So clean your eyes daily.

The longest-living Shih Tzu may have been Smokey from St. Petersburg, Florida, who was 23 years old in 2009.

Lhasa Apso

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Life span: 12-15 years

The Lhasa Apso is a small dog native to Tibet that was mainly used as a guard dog for Buddhist temples. As such, the breed is independent and loyal, although wary of strangers. But that doesn’t mean they can’t be fun. When it comes to people they trust, lhasa apsos can be playful and loving.

The life expectancy of this breed is between 12 and 15 years. As of 2021, the longest-living Lhasa Apso ever recorded was an incredible 29 years old.

Shiba Inu

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Life span: 13-16 years

The Shiba Inu is an ancient breed believed to have been around since 300 BC. Chr. Exists. It originates from the mountainous areas of Japan and was bred for hunting small game. One of the distinctive features of this breed is the curled tail – sometimes called a ring tail. When the Shiba Inu slept in inclement weather, it would curl up tightly and place its tail over its face to protect sensitive areas like the nose from the biting cold.

The Shiba Inu nearly died out at the end of World War II due to bombing and a widespread viral disease in dogs. The breed was brought back from only three remaining bloodlines.

A Shiba Inu is expected to live between 13 and 16 years. One of the longest-lived dogs of this breed was 26-year-old Pusuke, who held the Guinness World Record for oldest living dog at the time of his death in 2011.

Papillon

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Life span: 14-16 years

With its small size and long fur, the Papillon looks undeniably elegant. No wonder this breed was preferred by kings – it was depicted in works of art as early as the 16th century, including a family portrait with Louis XIV.

But don’t let the sophisticated looks of this breed fool you. These dogs are also intelligent, agile, and fun-loving. Dads are good family dogs because they make excellent companions, both with the energy to go out and play and with the appreciation to curl up inside for a nap.

The Papillon is named for its distinctive, butterfly-like ears – Papillon is “butterfly” in French. There is not a single dog that has been classified as the longest-lived of this breed, but it is generally expected to live to be 14 to 16 years old.

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Dog Breeds

Even Puppies Get the Point

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Dogs’ ability to understand us and respond to our attempts to communicate with them has long been considered a fundamental part of the close relationship we share. More than two decades ago, researchers first provided evidence that dogs can follow human pointing gestures.

Many studies have since shown that when humans point at one of two identical objects to indicate the location of the food, dogs respond by choosing the one pointed more often than we would happen to expect. This may sound like an easy skill, but maybe that’s because it’s so easy for us. The idea that another species can respond to our hint is a big deal.

As with any significant discovery, this topic has been discussed at length. Behavioral questions mainly revolve around whether dogs are learning what this gesture means from spending so much time with us, or whether they can naturally understand that pointing is a way to get their attention to something interesting.

It is difficult to study for practical and ethical reasons. Most adult dogs have a lot of experience with humans. Raising dogs without such contact for the purposes of scientific study would be cruel and totally unacceptable. It would also be pointless because such dogs would be so poorly socialized and so fearful that they would not be able to participate in studies. However, puppies are a different matter.

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In a recent study, researchers used the fact that young puppies have limited experience with humans to examine their ability to respond to human pointing gestures. The 375 participating puppies were between 7.3 and 10.4 weeks old (mean age 8.4 weeks). The puppies were loaned out by Canine Companions for Independence, a non-profit group that provides assistance dogs to people with disabilities. The 203 females and 172 males came from 117 litters. In terms of breed, there were 98 Labrador Retrievers, 23 Golden Retrievers, and 254 Golden Retriever / Labrador Retriever crosses.


The experimenter hid food in one of two places and either (A) pointed and looked at the bait container, or (B) placed any marker next to the bait container. (C) Puppies exceeded chance expectation with both social cues, but not in an olfactory control state. Source: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.17.434752

In the study, the pups had a choice of two containers, one of which held a piece of snack food. While one person was holding the pup, another caught the pup’s attention and either pointed and looked at the food reward container, or showed the pup a marker (a small yellow block) and then placed the marker next to the correct container. Based on the dot gesture, the pups chose correctly more than two-thirds of the time. They correctly picked almost three-quarters of the time the person communicated the location of the food by placing the marker.

In control trials, where puppies were not directed and were likely to choose based on the smell of the food, their decisions had a success rate of 48.9 percent – essentially random and slightly worse than you’d expect based on chance alone. These experiments showed that puppies could not find the food by sniffing it out.

Multiple replications did not appear to improve the puppies’ performance. This suggests that they don’t learn the task while studying. (They had either already learned the task even though they were so young, or they could do it without having to study.) Previous studies in adult dogs – both lap dogs and assistance dogs – found similar success rates for the pointing task, and were even higher Success in the marker task.

Another aspect of this study examined the genetic basis for the variation in dogs’ ability to find food based on human information about their location. They found that 43 percent of the variation was due to heredity, confirming a long-standing belief that genetics play a role in dogs’ social and cognitive abilities. This is an important finding. In order for selection to affect a dog’s ability to respond to human communication, as there are many theories about the domestication of dogs, there must be a genetic basis.

It is important to understand that even a natural ability can be adaptive. Hence, it is not that dogs either have an innate ability or need to learn that ability. The idea that behavior is binary is extremely out of date. In fact, an influential 1967 study in my field of ethology had the brand name “Ontogenesis of an Instinct”. To understand why it was so dangerous, it is important to know that ontogeny means evolution.

The study looked at changes in a pattern of behavior that was believed to be instinctive: a gull chick pecks at one point on the beak of an adult gull to trigger feeding. Such species-specific behavior patterns were viewed as innate rather than learned. In a series of studies, Jack P. Hailman, PhD showed that learning took place and that gull chicks improved their chopping accuracy with practice.

The idea that instinctive behavior can be improved and that learning occurs in relation to such behaviors was revolutionary and has changed the field significantly. But here, more than 50 years later, we are still debating whether behavior is instinctive or learned. It is more complex than that, and we have to accept that learning can play a role even in natural and species-prevalent behavior.

One possibility that must always be considered is that dogs have a tendency to learn the ability to follow human gestures. That is, it can be easy and natural for them to learn. In fact, it can be so simple and natural that it can be difficult to find dogs who have not yet learned how to do it. The current study provides evidence that even young puppies who have not had extensive experience with humans can perform this task and – equally interesting and important – that there is a genetic basis for this behavior. However, dogs have not been shown to have this ability in the absence of experience with humans.

The researchers say it fairly in their work: “Taken together, our results show that the social skills of dogs are very important in early development and that the variation in these traits is strongly influenced by genetic factors.”

Source * thebark.com – * https://thebark.com/content/even-puppies-get-point

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Dog Breeds

How to Tell if Your Dog is a Genius

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Anyone who has lived with a dog knows their ability to learn the meanings of words, even those you wouldn’t want them to know. How many times did you have to spell the words “going” or “dinner” to avoid an explosion of excitement?

Previous studies have looked at how non-human animals, including chimpanzees, sea lions, and rhesus monkeys, learn words. But now, a paper published in Nature shows that some dogs learn the name of a new object after hearing it just four times, a skill previously believed to be limited to humans.

The researchers found that this skill was not common in all dogs studied, but may be limited to a few “talented” or well-trained individuals. So how do you know if your own dog is a genius or not?

The study was simple and easy to repeat at home. Just follow the researchers’ steps to see if your dog can learn the names of objects that quickly. But don’t worry if your dog doesn’t have this ability. This can only be due to his race or previous experience.

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Whiskey and Vicky Nina

The new study included a collie named Whiskey who knew 59 objects by name and a Yorkshire terrier named Vicky Nina who knew 42 toys.

The researchers tested each dog’s knowledge of their toy by asking them to bring each toy in turn. Neither the owners nor the experimenters could see the toys so as not to influence the choice of dogs.

Once it was determined that the dogs knew the names of all of their toys, the researchers introduced two new objects, each placed one at a time in a group of familiar toys. In this test, Whiskey chose the new toy every time. Vicky Nina got the right one in 52.5% of the attempts, which is a bit more than chance.

Learn new names

For the next part of the study, the dog was shown a toy, given its name, and then allowed to play with it. After repeating the name of two different new toys four times, the dog was asked to choose one of the two new toys.

No known toys were included in this part of the experiment in order to prevent the dog from choosing the right toy through exclusion. Knowing the name of all the other toys, the dog may choose the right toy, guessing that the unfamiliar word must indicate the unfamiliar toy.

Both dogs opted for the new toy more often than chance would predict, suggesting that they actually learned the name of a new object very quickly. However, her memory deteriorated significantly after 10 minutes and almost completely after an hour. This shows that the new learning needs more reinforcement if it is to be maintained.

Read More: Six Tips For Grooming Your New Puppy According To Science

The test with the new toy was also done by 20 volunteers with their own dogs, but these dogs did not show the ability to learn new names after a few hearings.

The authors suggested that the difference between the performance of the two dogs in their test and the volunteer dogs means that the dog may need to be unusually intelligent or have a lot of name learning experience in order to learn new names quickly.

A dog surrounded by toys.

Clever dogs

It is likely that a combination of factors are at work in these experiments. It is significant that the most common breed used in studies of this species is a border collie, specifically bred to perform audible commands and very highly motivated to perform tasks and please the handler. Yorkshire terriers also enjoy mental and physical stimulation.

Similar tests have been carried out by other research groups, usually using border collies. In 2004, a dog named Rico was found to know the names of 200 different objects, and in 2011 Chaser learned 1,022 unique objects.

Other breeds may be less interested in playing with or fetching toys. For example, greyhounds such as salukis and greyhounds are primarily bred for hunting or racing and are therefore generally more difficult to train. They may not show any interest in toys at all and be far less motivated to please the handler.

Smart dogs can learn new names quickly.

Both test dogs in this study received extensive training through play and social interaction to pay attention to the names and characteristics of the toys. This could make them more likely to notice the differences between new and familiar toys and to care about the verbal cues associated with them.

While their training was not formal, it was nonetheless positive reinforcement training, a powerful method of teaching animals and people. The dogs have undoubtedly learned their skills to a great extent.

It is entirely possible to train all dogs to perform tasks, including learning the names of objects. However, the degree to which they are willing and able to learn and perform the task depends heavily on the breed of dog and the motivation of the individual dog.

If your pet is an Afghan or Saint Bernard, don’t expect them to be interested in spending hours getting toys for you. On the other hand, if you have a border collie or poodle, their abilities can only be limited by your imagination and commitment to playing with them.The conversation

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Dog Breeds

10 Most Challenging Dog Breeds That Are Full Of Love

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All dogs need love, attention, and training – but some dog breeds need a little more than others. Every dog breed has its strengths and weaknesses. That doesn’t make any particular breed less loveable, but these 10 dog breeds may need a lot more patience and obedience training than others.
These breeds tend to be intelligent, independent, and stubborn, making then the least obedient dog breeds. Successfully training one of these breeds should win you an award!

00:00​ – Intro
00:30​ – Afghan Hound
01:19​ – Chow Chow
02:04​ – Basenji
02:45​ – Bulldog
03:24​ – Bloodhound
04:08​ – Pekingese
04:45​ – Dachshund
05:22​ – Welsh Terrier
06:03​ – Beagle
06:37​ – Borzoi
07:10​ – Outro

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