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Blood Transfusion Reactions in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

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blood transfusion reactions in dogs: symptoms, causes, & treatments

(Picture Credit: Fairfax Media via Getty Images/JON REID/Fairfax Media

Dogs who have blood transfusion reactions experience side effects from a blood transfusion. A blood transfusion reaction is a condition in which between 5 to 25 percent of dogs experience side effects.

The symptoms can appear as soon as the procedure is completed or as long afterward. Purebred dogs are more likely to experience a severe reaction.

If you suspect that your dog may be having a reaction to blood transfusions, please let us know. You should consult your veterinarianto get a complete diagnosis and the best course of treatment. Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of blood transfusion reactions in dogs.

Dogs can experience blood transfusion reactions.

Dogs can experience blood transfusion reactions that cause a variety of symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Increased heart beat and respiration
  • Gums turning yellow or pale
  • Allergic reactions include skin inflammation, itching and itching.
  • Vomiting

Dogs and Blood Transfusion Reactions

small sick jack russell terrier dog at the vet. Veterinarian prepares the dog for surgery and places a canula to give intravenous medication.

(Picture Credit: K_Thalhofer/Getty Images)

There are many reasons blood transfusion reactions can occur in dogs. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Use of contaminated blood
  • Types of blood that are not compatible
  • Transfusions performed too quickly
  • Proper blood storage

Veterinary Treatments

Your vet will seek to treat any blood transfusion reactions in your dog immediately. Your vet can conduct blood and urine tests to determine the exact cause and check for any signs of bacteria in the donor’s blood.

Treatment is only possible with supportive care. This is often done by administering intravenous fluids.

Sometimes, vets will recommend a course of medication. Your vet may also recommend a course of medication for your dog.

You can reduce your chances of having bad reactions by conducting thorough testing prior to any procedure. This is to ensure that the donor’s blood is a correct and safe match for your dog.

Is your dog prone to having a reaction to blood transfusions? What was the vet’s response to your dog’s reaction? Please share your story with us in the comments section.

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