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“Canine Coronavirus Found In Humans” – Why You Shouldn’t Worry

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"canine coronavirus found in humans" why you shouldn't worry

Scientists have found a new canine coronavirus in a handful of people hospitalized with pneumonia. This may sound alarming, but once we unpack it you will see that there is no reason to lose sleep.

The discovery of canine coronavirus in eight people at a hospital in Sarawak, Malaysia was reported in Clinical Infectious Diseases by a group of highly regarded international scientists. Does this mean dogs can transmit coronavirus to humans?

The first thing that needs to be clarified is what the canine coronavirus is. What is important is that it differs significantly from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The coronavirus family can be divided into four groups of viruses: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta coronaviruses. SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the group of beta coronaviruses, while the canine coronaviruses belong to the completely separate alphacoronavirus group.

Scientists have known about canine coronavirus for nearly 50 years. These viruses existed in relative darkness for most of this period and were of only interest to veterinary virologists and occasional dog owners. There are no previous reports of these viruses infecting humans. But the sudden international spotlight of all coronavirus is finding coronavirus in places we’ve never looked.

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The coronavirus infections in dogs recently identified in humans were actually discovered by chance. Scientists weren’t specifically looking for the canine coronavirus, and the patients involved had long since recovered. The researchers tried to develop a new test that could detect all types of coronavirus at the same time – a so-called Pan-CoV test.

After the test was confirmed to work on laboratory-grown virus samples, they tested it on 192 human smears from hospitalized pneumonia patients in Malaysia. Nine of these samples tested positive for coronavirus.

Further analysis showed that five of the nine samples were common human coronaviruses, which can cause colds. But surprisingly, four of the samples were canine coronavirus. Another study with patients from the same hospital found four other positive patients.

The researchers examined nasal and throat swabs from all eight Malaysian patients to learn more about the canine coronavirus. In the laboratory, samples were applied to dog cells to see if there were live viruses. Virus from a single sample replicated well and virus particles could be seen using electron microscopy. The scientists were also able to decode the genome of the virus.

Analysis found that this canine coronavirus was closely related to a number of different alphacoronaviruses – including those found in pigs and cats – and showed that it had not previously been identified anywhere else.

No evidence of retransmission

Was the canine coronavirus responsible for the pneumonia in the patients? Right now we just can’t tell. Seven out of eight patients were simultaneously infected with another virus, either adenovirus, influenza, or parainfluenza virus. We know that all of these viruses can cause pneumonia on their own, so it’s more likely that these were responsible for the disease. We can say that there is an association between pneumonia and canine coronavirus in these patients, but we cannot say that this is the cause.

There were concerns that the canine coronavirus identified in these Malaysian patients could spread from person to person, leading to a wider outbreak. What many headlines fail to make clear is that these infections actually appeared in humans in 2017 and 2018. This makes the likelihood of an outbreak of the canine coronavirus from this source even less, as there has been no evidence of further spread in the three to four years in between.

As coronaviruses have become the focus of attention and we look for related viruses, we will inevitably find more positive samples in unexpected places. The vast majority of these will only be of academic interest and need not raise an alarm. However, it is crucial that monitoring for new coronaviruses continues and expanded so that we have the best possible chance of identifying significant cross-species jumps in the future.

This article was republished by The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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Dog Breeds

Vet Recommended: Best Natural Flea and Tick Prevention for Dogs

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vet recommended: best natural flea and tick prevention for dogs

Summer usually brings lots of fun and outdoor adventures that most of us look forward to, but with it comes a greater amount of pesky insects and parasites that can affect our pets’ wellbeing.

We try to avoid the use of toxins in our pets (and in our own environment), but in some cases we may have to choose our fights based on how difficult the flea / tick problem is. Fortunately, in many geographic regions, the use of pharmaceutical flea and tick products can be avoided for much of the year and reduced to a few times of use during the summer season.

There is significant concern about the number of side effects seen with the newer flea and tick medications (prescription pills). There are increasing reports of dogs with neurological reactions, tremors, seizures, behavior changes, liver damage, and GI disorders. In fact, these prescription flea products contain chemical pesticide ingredients that act as neurotoxins to kill the parasites (via effects on the insect’s nervous system). Originally it was suggested that the products were reasonably safe for dogs as the active ingredients were believed to be selective for arthropods (insects). But it is now apparent that these neurotoxins can affect our pets as well. In fact, many of the pharmaceutical companies had to adjust their warnings on the label to mention the side effects.

Some of the topical spot-on products don’t contain the same types of pesticides, but obviously still contain chemicals that can be toxic. In addition, new studies report that chemical pesticides from topical flea and tick products are measured in alarming amounts in our bodies of water, rivers and sewers. Hence, we see that the growing popularity of using spot-on pesticides on our pets is now also adding to environmental toxicity.

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So how can we avoid the use of chemicals and keep our pets free of fleas and ticks?

Looking for a solution in nature

To best support the health and wellbeing of our pets, we’re looking at natural, non-toxic options for flea and tick prevention. In fact, the best protection begins with a healthy, species-appropriate fresh or raw food diet with a low carbohydrate content. Simply put, a healthy dog ​​will attract fewer fleas than a dog with a compromised immune system or chronic illness.

Food to fight fleas and ticks

Some simple foods can be added to your dog’s diet to provide additional immune system support and to make parasites more resilient. This includes foods like fresh garlic and raw honey.

  • Fresh garlic has natural anti-parasite and immune support properties and is quite safe for dogs in small, reasonable amounts. Add ¼ teaspoon of freshly chopped garlic for every 15 pounds. the dog’s body weight is a great daily routine during the flea and tick season (or all year round). Note: Garlic in powder or capsule supplements does not have the same effects as freshly chopped garlic.
  • Raw honey is a wonderful (and delicious) immune system booster. Add about ½ tsp for every 15 pounds. Body weight of the dog per day. The benefits are greater with locally produced honey as it offers immune support properties that fight allergens in your specific area.

Food supplement to protect against parasites

In addition to nutrition, we can proactively support the immune system of our pets with specific natural nutritional supplements.

  • Bovine liposomal colostrum is an excellent immune support dietary supplement. This is the first milking from a cattle (cow) source. All mammals produce colostrum for their newborns at birth, which provides antibodies and immune factors, growth and repair peptides for improved gut, immune and other body systems health. I recommend Super Pet Nutrition, which is better absorbed and therefore has increased potency.
  • Milk thistle and dandelion A routine or seasonal detox can go a long way in supporting your pet’s resilience and overall health. These are safe and gentle detox options to protect your liver and kidneys.
  • Daily defense (I recommend Glacier Peak Holistic to my patients) is an excellent choice for seasonal or year-round use. This dietary supplement can be added to the feed once a day and contains nutrients that support the function of the immune system, resistance to parasites and also specific detoxification benefits.

Natural flea and tick prevention options

Natural possibilities for flea and tick repellants for direct use on pets or in their vicinity are also an effective preventive measure. Natural products require more frequent application and use to match the effectiveness of chemical products and prescription drugs. Fleas are generally easier to fight off or kill than ticks, which are more resilient and usually require stronger active ingredients. When it comes to ticks, nothing can replace careful control of your dog’s ticks after he’s been outdoors. Using a flea comb with fine teeth can also be an effective way to find ticks or fleas, and a tick removal tool can also come in very handy. Remember that fleas live more in the area than they do on the pet. So if you do find them in your pet, make sure to include your home environment as well.

Kieselguhr (DE)

Diatomaceous earth offers a safe and natural option that can be used in your home, directly on pets, and also outdoors in the garden. DE is a silky fine powder that acts as a desiccant or desiccant to effectively kill fleas and their larvae. Use a high quality food grade DE (not industrial grade) that can be sprinkled on your pet’s bedding, as well as on carpets, furniture, and anywhere else your pet spends a lot of time. Let the DE dust sit for about 24 hours and then vacuum it up. You can also apply DE directly to your pet’s hair, fur, and skin, but avoid the face, eyes, nose, and mouth entirely. Bathing your pet about 24 hours later can also be ideal, as DE can potentially dry out the skin as well.

Nematodes

Beneficial nematodes (Steinernema Carpocapsae) are a great option for natural parasite control in your garden or outdoors. Nematodes are used to protect gardens and plants from ants and caterpillars, but they are also effective prevention against fleas and ticks because they feed on the larval stages of these insects while they are still in the ground. Check your local garden center for these nematodes.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has many health benefits and can also be used to ward off fleas. Mixed with equal parts (50/50) of the solution, ACV can be aerosolized or applied to your dog before going outdoors.

Take oil

Neem is a tree native to India and is highly valued for its diverse medicinal properties offered by the bark, flowers, and the oil made from its seeds. One of the many health benefits of neem oil is its natural insecticidal properties. Neem is used in organic farming to protect plants from insects and is also very safe and effective for pets and humans.

Essential oils

Many essential oils (EOs) have flea and tick repellent properties. It’s important to only use high quality therapeutic oils or trustworthy products with pet-safe formulas like AnimalEO, which are available in the form of sprays or newer flea and tick wipes. Common EOs used for pest control include cedar, peppermint, lemongrass, lavender, catnip, eucalyptus, and geranium. I recommend Wondercide

Source * thebark.com – * Source link

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Dog Breeds

A little French named “Sergio”

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a little french named "sergio"

If you’ve never heard of Sergio, the little Chihuahua who lives in Westchester, now you are. This little guy, very fit at 6 pounds, was rescued by Jeanmarie Daly a few years ago. Of course, everyone thinks their dogs, especially Chihuahua owners, are the absolute best breeds, but Sergio has something very special and special about them.

He takes French courses. “Oui” you read that right, French lessons!

Sergio’s neighbor, who lives in the same house, is a 12 year old French teacher at Ardsley Middle School for 7th grade students. However, all of that changed during the pandemic when classes went virtual. Obviously, Monsieur was talking to his students about this particular little pooch, and the students were writing stories about Sergio, who had become a legend in their minds. Well, the best surprise, or should I say, Surprendre was the day Sergio actually came into class on his laptop and looked at the students. Sergio was fascinated and sat quietly to watch all the excited faces.

After Sergio’s first appearance, he was repeatedly asked to take part. Monsieur was only too happy to allow Sergio to attend class as all the students smiled and were especially happy to see their new classmates. It was evident that Sergio the little Chihuahua had become the class mascot and one of the best things that happened to that class during the pandemic. It seems that Sergio can tell the time too, knowing exactly when to scratch his door in order to run down the hall to Monsieur’s apartment. Sergio is never late for class!

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At the end of the year, the students bought Sergio a donut squeak toy that he loves. When the school was back up and the students returned to the classrooms, Sergio took a sabbatical. He’s sure to pay a visit in the fall when the students hear about this special little French guy next year!

As Sergio would say, “Goodbye” !!

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Dog Breeds

Meet Riley | The boat

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meet riley | the boat

Name and age of the dog: Riley, 1 year

Nicknames: Rileypup

Adoption history: We adopted Riley from humane society when he was ten weeks old. She had a mild cold and needed some medication when we brought her home, but we couldn’t be happier! When choosing her name, we wanted something Irish because we adopted her on St. Patrick’s Day and we thought Riley would be a good fit.

At home, Riley loves to cuddle, but at the dog park loves to zoom around everywhere. Riley is a one-of-a-kind dog; She likes to run around, do her own thing, and march to her own beat. Every time we come home, she gives us that gorgeous smile with her majestic beard!

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