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Everything you need to know about it

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everything you need to know about it

As with most aspects of diet, experts emphasize that the quality and quantity of protein are important to your dog’s health. But what makes it so critical?

“Along with healthy fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, proteins are one of the most important components of a complete and balanced diet for your dog,” says Dr. Ernie Ward, a Certified Veterinary Therapist based in Ocean Isle Beach, North Carolina. “Proteins are necessary to maintain a dog’s immunity through the synthesis of hormones, enzymes and antibodies, to keep the skin and coat healthy, and to build strong bones and muscles. Proteins also serve as a valuable source of energy to keep your dog running all day. “

How Much Protein?

Dr. Ward says, “The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutritional guidelines require that adult dog foods contain at least 18% crude protein. The majority of dry dog ​​foods sold in the United States. contain about 21 to 27% crude protein. Dog foods containing more than 28% protein have been labeled “high protein”, although this term has no actual regulatory or medical meaning. “

But what is the right amount for your dog? How many things does that depend on it.

The protein requirement of every dog ​​is “individually different”, emphasizes Dr. Valerie Parker, Associate Professor of Clinical Internal Medicine and Small Animal Nutrition at Ohio State University in Columbus. “The minimum amount of protein required by AAFCO for adult maintenance in dogs is 4.5 grams of protein per 100 calories (kcal). Puppies need more; (5.6 g / 100 kcal). “

“The amount of protein a dog needs can vary based on a number of factors including age, activity level, stage of growth and stress,” added Johnna Devereaux, CPN, director of nutrition and wellness at Bow Wow Labs in Novato. California. “For example, as dogs get older, their need for protein increases to strengthen muscles and maintain muscle mass. Dogs that also need extra protein include puppies, pregnant or nursing mothers, and dogs that are being healed from injuries. “

“Healthy, active dogs can easily manage and benefit from diets that contain 28 to 32% protein,” says Dr. Ward. “This amount of protein, when combined with higher levels of fiber, can also help prevent obesity.”

But there can be too much good when your dog has certain ailments. “With some health problems, excess protein can worsen the disease process or make the pet feel worse,” writes Dr. Cailin R. Heinze, a board certified veterinary nutritionist in petfoodology, a nutrition blog for the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine in Massachusetts. “Two common diseases in which this occurs are kidney disease and some types of liver disease.”

Another consideration: Johnna says, “The holistic belief in dealing with dogs with kidney problems is looking at the quality of the protein, which is often overlooked. High quality, minimally processed protein from animal meat allows phosphorus to bind to other minerals and be excreted through the digestive tract, minimizing stress on the kidneys. “

Does Source Matter When It Comes To Protein For Dogs?

Speaking of animal meat, it’s often the first thing people think of when it comes to dog food ingredients. “Typically, animal proteins have a higher overall protein quality than vegetable proteins, but even within animal protein sources commonly used in pet foods, there are large differences in protein quality,” says Dr. Heinze. “To maximize protein quality, proteins derived from both plants and animals can be combined to overcome limitations that proteins may have independently.”

Johnna adds, “In general, animal protein always provides the amino acids required and is the best source of protein in the dog diet. However, by turning the source of animal protein on, you can ensure your dog is getting balanced amounts of the right amino acids. Each source of animal protein varies in the amount of amino acids it supplies. “(More on amino acids can be found below.)

What is meat meal?

A common ingredient listed on many dog ​​food labels is not just meat, but meat meal as well. “Meat meals can be a good source of protein,” says Dr. Parker. “It just means that the water has been removed. It does not affect the quality of the ingredients or the amount of protein. “

Johnna raises some considerations: “These meals may contain tissues from animals that have been deemed unfit for human consumption and, while providing protein, are highly processed. Call the manufacturer before dieting with meals and find out where the meat is from. There are some high quality food companies that use human grade dehydrated meat. “

Non-meat proteins for dogs

Some vegetarians and vegans have difficulty feeding their dog pet products. This is understandable, but it is often viewed as a mistake. Think of your dog’s relationship with meat as similar to your relationship with toilet paper – one is a must for each of you, but not necessarily for both of you.

“It is generally accepted that vegetable protein sources are less digestible than animal protein sources. However, studies in dogs have shown that soy-based protein is equally digestible when the soy product is fully processed, ”said an article in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA) evaluating the vegetarian diet.

“Pets fed without animal protein (i.e. a vegan diet) or pets fed on homemade diets that have not been carefully developed are at higher risk of protein or amino acid deficiencies,” warns Dr. Heinze.

That doesn’t mean only animal proteins are beneficial for your dog. And vegetable proteins can also help the planet. “Protein, especially animal protein, is a resource-intensive industry,” emphasizes Dr. Heinze. “A lot of land, water and food are required for production. Avoiding an overly high animal protein diet and feeding a supplementary blend of plant and animal proteins can help reduce environmental impact while maintaining dog health. “

And there’s a veggie protein for dogs that really packs a punch. “Eggs have the highest biological value of any protein and are also easy to digest,” says Johnna. “Eggs are a great source of protein for all dogs, especially those who are sick, as eggs are the easiest protein for the body to process.”

Acid trips and BVDs (Biological Value Descriptions)

Two important things to look for in the quality of protein in your dog’s food are amino acids and BV.

“Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. When an animal eats protein, its body breaks the protein down into these amino acids, which can then be used to build new proteins or to burn energy, ”explains Dr. Heinze. “Not all proteins are created equal in terms of amino acid types and amounts. The best quality proteins contain the highest amounts of essential amino acids and are the easiest for pets to digest. “

Johnna says, “Of the 22 amino acids, 10 are considered essential for the dog’s body. When an amino acid is essential, it means that the body cannot synthesize it on its own and that it must come from its diet. All dogs, regardless of breed, age, etc., require the same 10 essential amino acids. “

AAFCO sets minimum requirements for each amino acid. (See table of AAFCO Guidelines for Minimum Dog Food Proteins and Amino Acids.) The 10 essential amino acids for dogs are arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.

And now that BVD: “The biological value is based on the unique combination of amino acids in a protein and measures the potential quality of that protein,” explains Johnna. “If a protein contains the right amino acids in the right amounts, it should have high biological value. Animal protein has a much higher biological value than most vegetable proteins and it is also easier for the dog to digest; Therefore, you should always try to feed your dog a protein with a high biological value (preferably above 74) and a protein that is highly digestible. “

Every meal has one Biological value. Here are some common dog food ingredients:

  • Egg = 100
  • Fish meal = 92
  • Fish = 88
  • Beef = 78
  • Chicken = 78
  • Soy = 74

Sometimes there seem to be almost as many different sources of protein as dogs. “Before making any significant changes to a dog’s diet, always consult a veterinarian,” advises Dr. Ward. Set up this “meat” soon so you know your dog is getting the best possible nutrition – and that doesn’t have to be expensive.

AAFCO’s Minimum Protein and Amino Acid Guidelines for Dog Food

nutrientUnits per 1000 kcalME *Growth & reproduction minimumMinimum maintenance for adults **
Crude proteinG56.345.0
ArginineG2.501.28
HistidineG1.100.48
IsoleucineG1.780.95
LeucineG3.231.70
LysineG2.251.58
MethionineG0.880.83
Methionine-cystineG1.751.63
PhenylalanineG2.081.13
Phenylalanine tyrosineG3.251.85
ThreonineG2.601.20
TryptophanG0.500.40
ValineG1.701.23

* The calorie content of dog food is expressed as kilocalories / kilogram of metabolizable energy. ** Recommended concentrations for maintaining body weight with an average calorie intake for dogs of a certain optimal weight.

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Dog Technology

Why is my dog ​​still getting sick? – Dogster

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why is my dog ​​still getting sick? dogster

How is it possible that many vets report an increase in the ailments normally associated with hanging out with other dogs – visits to dog parks and the like – in dogs stuck at home with their owners during the pandemic?

These include kennel cough, which is common on boarding and daycare, and leptospirosis, a bacterial infection associated with puddles and dirty water. Two things dogs love to wallow in in dog parks?

For example, multiple vets stuck at home and frolicking in the backyard can simulate these very same conditions.

“Everyone is more at home, so they see more things, especially things they might not have noticed before,” says Jenni Grady, DVM, who works at the Community Medical Center, which is part of Tufts University’s Cummings Veterinary Medical Center up north is Grafton, Mass. “As more people have purchased pets during the pandemic, they are seeing behavior that they are not used to.”

In this context, pet owners have faced the occasion and filled veterinary practices and emergency rooms. If there were concerns that people would forego the most routine treatment during the pandemic – either because of the cost of layoffs and closings or fears of disease exposure in veterinary offices – it simply wasn’t.

“It’s just one chance in the setting we’ve seen for so long,” says Kerry Young, DVM, of the Rutherford Veterinary Clinic in Dallas. “They’re willing to go the extra mile because they see their pets as part of the family, so they want to make sure they’re healthy.”

By and large, veterinarians say, pandemic trends have included:
Continuing care, especially for heartworms and fleas. The owners did not stop giving treatments despite the cost. Dr. Grady reports that flea is currently still popular with cats.

An increase in some immunizations, especially for leptospirosis and kennel cough. Dr. Young says she advises patients to pay close attention to shots for their locations such as Lyme disease in the northeast.

Busy clinics and emergency rooms in some parts of the country. Traffic had declined by up to 25 percent at the beginning of the pandemic, reports the AVNA, but it recovered quickly. Dr. Young says she didn’t see this in Dallas, but Drew Sullivan, DVM, says it was common in his Chicago practice that is part of the University of Illinois Clinic. In the early days of the pandemic, restrictions meant veterinarians schedule fewer appointments, while an increase in puppy and kitten adoptions over the past year meant more patients were seen. Dr. Sullivan says, “We were crazy busy and that was a surprise.”

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Red Heeler – Dogster

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red heeler dogster

Hello Brian,

I am not an expert and I only share my experiences and advice from my own perspective. So what I do may or may not work with your dog … but I hope it will help. I owned 3 dogs before the one we just got, and I’ve been with lots of other dogs, cats, and animals in my half century.

On April 14, 2020 we received a 1 year old Red Heeler named Copper. He likes to be on our heels while walking or running and seems to be intentionally trying to trip us. He also likes to nibble on our hands all the time. He doesn’t bite to injure himself, but rather nibbles and nibbles very playfully. Overall, I understand that for him, it’s playful and fun. I read that this is in the breed.

One thing I’ve read to stop the nibbling on my hands, and something I’ve worked on with Copper, is, whenever he gets into that playful playfulness, gently slipping the matching chew toy, rawhide, into your mouth stuck. or whatever you want him to chew on every time he starts nibbling on my hands. In this way he learns what to / cannot chew on. Then give them plenty of positive praise and rewards for chewing on the right thing.

I keep him on a leash so he doesn’t rush on my grandchildren or suffocate them as they run away from him. I’ll slow him down enough so that he just runs behind or next to them so he can keep up with them. He is very playful and excited so I give him lots of positive praise and answers for behaving the way I want him to. And firmly tell him STOP or NO when I see him doing things that are undesirable.

Another friend of mine had a border collie and said if he didn’t walk his dog daily, his dog would start chewing on everything. But when he took her for walks, she looked great all over the house. So what I’ve done with Copper is take him on walks and frequent long walks several blocks along the river or on the local canyon trails so he can burn off all that energy before it builds up. I see that when he’s cooped up and doesn’t burn that energy, he gets caught up in things and even tears small pieces out of his memory foam mattress when we took off the cover to wash. As Sandy said in her comment, “A tired dog is a good dog.” There is a lot of truth in that. Let your dog wind up, get worn out and burn off that energy.

The positive praise that directs his attention to suitable chew toys, firmly commands him to stop, and especially to burn that energy, seems to work with copper. I also talk to him a lot as if he were human and explain to him what I do with him. He learns from repetition to recognize words and commands. He also knows now that he has to run away from me when I tell him it’s time for a bath, haha.

Copper came from a negligent and potentially abusive home. When we got it, it didn’t even respond to a tennis ball or a squeaky toy. His jaws were weak and he could barely chew the rawhide. He had mange and smelled of the uncleaned dog kennel. Her other dog was a pit bull who was missing half of his hair around his neck / chest and back due to mange. Now that the mange is gone, we are in the process of getting the yeast infection under control that is causing his skin to be red and itchy. Three weeks later, Copper is playing Fetch, is house trained and a really great dog. I attribute this to the intelligence of his breed and do a lot of research online or watch YouTube videos. I can’t remember ever seeing a dog pick things up so quickly.

All the best to you and good luck to you and your heels.

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Easy ways to deal with matted dog hair

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easy ways to deal with matted dog hair

Matted dog hair is the worst! It’s ugly, dirty, sometimes painful, and once matted dog hair starts it can get out of control and become a health problem.

I have babysat a brother-sister team of Blue Picardy Spaniels. These royal dogs have lush, wavy feathers on their legs, undersides, and tails. This breed is also a ball of energy! Add this gorgeous feathered coat after a long hike of running and frolicking through creeks and you have some serious matted dog hair of your own!

The kicker – the siblings’ people firmly believed that their fur could not be cut. I would try to help by brushing them after our outdoor adventures, but I felt bad for the groomer if I put them down and had to remind the staff, “No cutting!” As if by magic, these two pups would be silky with , mat-free springs come back. How did these snow groomers deal with all that matted dog hair? Patience, the right tools, skills, and help from watchful dog parents.

Dog with crazy messy hair blowing in the wind. Photography © cynoclub | Getty Images.

What you need to know about dealing with matted dog hair

Here are some grooming tips for dealing with matted dog hair:

  1. First, Train your dog to enjoy grooming so he’ll stand still long enough to get the mats out! Start brushing your puppy when he’s young, even when he doesn’t need him. Hand out praise and quality treats so he can combine grooming with happy things.
  2. Pay close attention to areas that are easy to matte: behind the ears and legs, in the armpits, on the chassis and where his collar or halter rubs.
  3. Prevent matted dog hair from forming. A detangler cream or spray will prevent the fur from clumping together and can be used before your puppy jumps into a river or lake to make it easier to brush out after a swim. Only use products made specifically for dogs.
  4. When your puppy’s fur has grown Take a trip to the vet who is badly matted or has not been cared for in a while. Unkempt fur and extremely matted dog hair can cause skin irritation or infection that needs medical attention.
  5. To learn that It is best to speak to your groomer about brushing out your pup and the type of brush. Your groomer will be happy to let you know because the better you groom yourself daily, the easier your job will be.
  6. Don’t ignore the paws. Hair that grows between the pads can become matted. Keep your hair short. If you need a touch up in between professional grooming, purchase a couple of dog clippers. They’re easier than scissors on your dog’s delicate paws.
  7. Hair clippers are also useful for keeping a puppy’s rear end neat and tidy. Between sitting and pooping, this area can quickly get messy. A clean area around the anus is worth a little embarrassment between you and your dog.
  8. Good diet will help them have a healthy coat, which is less likely to mean matted dog hair. Look for omega-3 or fish oil in your pup’s diet and supplements. Of course, consult a veterinarian to find out how much is best to give your dog.

A dog with a grooming tool or brush. How do snow groomers deal with matted dog hair? Photography by Laures / Thinkstock.

Professional snow groomers for handling matted dog hair

1. Deana Mazurkiewicz IGMS, NCMG, IFMS President, Intellectual Groomers Association and Stylist at Pawsh By Deana in Zephyrhills, Florida. facebook.com/intgroome

  1. Never bathe your dog if he has mats or kinky hair. Water acts like a sponge and only makes it stronger.
  2. Use cornstarch to loosen matted dog hair. Rub a little on the mat to loosen it up, then brush it out.
  3. Don’t assume the conditioner will remove or loosen mats. They need to be brushed and combed thoroughly before bathing.
  4. NEVER try to cut out matted dog hair. The mats may be tighter than you think or have skin caught in them and you can cut your pet easily.

2. Windmere Kennels, St. Charles, Michigan; facebook.com/Windmerekennels

  1. Brush! Dogs like poodles and goldendoodles that are considered non-shed don’t shed dead hair on their own. They need help by brushing with a good, smoother brush at least twice a week.
  2. Regular visits to a professional snow groomer are a must to ward off matted dog hair! Every six to eight weeks is recommended.
  3. Mats start at the base, not the top, of the hair. While your dog looks matt-free, hold your fingers on the nape of the hair to check for tangles and growls. Catching a potential mat before this happens will make removal a lot easier.
  4. Research your breed’s specific needs for proper grooming. Depending on your breed, the coat or hair may require different practices to stay healthy and alive.

3. Vanessa Hoyt, Groomer Girls Pet Salon, Lawrenceville, Georgia. Facebook.com/groomergirlspetsalon

  1. Always work on small sections, from the ends of your hair to your skin.
  2. Always use a good conditioner. Demating can lead to serious harm even if done correctly.
  3. Always use cooler warm water as a quick rinse as the last thing you do in the tub. This helps seal the hair shafts. Warmer water leaves them open, making hair prone to breakage and damage. Broken and damaged hair tangles faster.
  4. Always use a finishing conditioning spray.

Top photo: © Tierfotoagentur | Alamy Stock Photo.

Originally published March 27, 2018.

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