Connect with us

Dog Breeds

Most Well-liked Canine Breeds in America in 2020

Published

on

Choosing a loyal companion is one of the most important decisions a pet owner can make. Each year the American Kennel Club tracks dog registrations to see which breeds are gaining in popularity in the United States, and which ones are falling out of favor. The newest rankings, released on May 1, 2020, feature 193 breeds including the recently recognized Azawakh. The AKC only analyzes data dealing with purebred, registered breeds, so sadly, your sweet mixed-breed pal isn’t counted in the final tally.

otsphoto / Shutterstock

Still, the list seems to include every kind of dog imaginable, from tiny lap dogs and mighty hunters to prime show dogs and companions for royalty. The sheer amount of breeds that are ranked is a reminder of the diverse taste of dog owners in America, and the many different types of pups that we love.

Several obvious factors create a breed’s national popularity year in and year out: ideal size, lack of maintenance, hypoallergenic coats, disposition, temperament, and of course name recognition. If you are owning your first dog for companionship in a city apartment, easy choices are reliable, compact French bulldogs or Boston terriers. Choosing the first family dog for small children and ample backyard space could make retrievers or labradors the safe—and most obvious—option.

From centuries-old dogs bred for royalty to familiar faces used in duck hunting and fox intimidating, there’s a dog out there for everyone, and if you need proof, then look no further than the 96 different breeds that complete this list of the most popular pooches.

Related: Least popular dog breeds

#96. Brussels griffonOkssi / Shutterstock

#96. Brussels griffon

– 2019 registration rank: #96 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

This uncommon little breed is often confused with the Yorkshire terrier, but the Brussels Griffon is very much its own dog. Perhaps best known to Americans from the movie As Good As It Gets, the Brussels Griffon loves snuggling, and—believe it or not—climbing, cat style.

#95. LeonbergerTanais Fox / Wikimedia Commons

#95. Leonberger

– 2019 registration rank: #95 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Literally bred to be owned by royals Leonbergers are regal animals. Some of their most famous owners include King Edward VII Napoleon III and Tsar Alexander II.

#94. Anatolian shepherd dogCharlitoCZ / Shutterstock

#94. Anatolian shepherd dog

– 2019 registration rank: #94 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -4 in popularity

As part of the Livestock Guarding Dog Program, some Anatolian shepherd dogs guard sheep in Namibia. Their presence there has also had the added benefit of protecting cheetahs from being shot by farmers, since the big cats are afraid of the dogs.

#93. Norwegian elkhoundDmitry Guskov / Wikimedia Commons

#93. Norwegian elkhound

– 2019 registration rank: #93 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +3 in popularity

Norwegian Elkhounds are believed to have a history that dates back to the Viking era. These dogs are known for their tracking skills, and they can sometimes be found on search and rescue teams.

#92. Bouviers des FlandresFranz27/Wikipedia

#92. Bouviers des Flandres

– 2019 registration rank: #92 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -8 in popularity

In many European countries, the Bouviers des Flandres is considered an ideal police dog. However, they have their share of fans stateside as well—one of the most famous of which is former president Ronald Reagan.

You may also like: Best dog breeds for hunting

#91. Rat terrierMacboots / WIkimedia Commons

#91. Rat terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #91 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -5 in popularity

Yes, they hunt rats—but these little dogs are also born stars. Between starring in Shirley Temple films and inspiring documentaries, this is one breed with more than its share of devoted fans.

#90. Lagotti RomagnoliRdo01 / Wikimedia Commons

#90. Lagotti Romagnoli

– 2019 registration rank: #90 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +4 in popularity

There is only one purebred breed of dog recognized for their truffle finding skills and that breed is the Lagotti Romagnoli. The dogs are used all around the Italian countryside to find the delectable mushrooms.

#89. Boykin spanieljetsonphoto / Wikimedia Commons

#89. Boykin spaniel

– 2019 registration rank: #89 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +4 in popularity

These dogs were bred in South Carolina specifically to ride with hunters on small boats in order to hunt game. As a result Boykin Spaniels are loyal energetic and love to be around people.

#88. KeeshondenPixabay

#88. Keeshonden

– 2019 registration rank: #88 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +7 in popularity

In the 18th century, the Keeshond was the dog of the Dutch Patriots Party. However, these days, they’re perhaps best known for their “monocle” markings that make them look as if they’re wearing glasses.

#87. BasenjiPexels

#87. Basenji

– 2019 registration rank: #87 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Depictions of basenjis were found carved in the Great Pyramid of Khufu, proving these curly-tailed pups have a long history. Whether they’re popping up in works of art or drawing lions out of their lairs in Africa, this breed is nothing short of dynamic.

You may also like: History of dogs in space

#86. Nova Scotia duck tolling retrieverChristopher Woo / Wikimedia Commons

#86. Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever

– 2019 registration rank: #86 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

In the 17th century, these Nova Scotia retrievers were often used to lure ducks for hunters. As sporting dogs, these retrievers need plenty of exercise to burn off their excess energy each day.

#85. American staffordshire terrierT. Bjornstad / Wikimedia Commons

#85. American staffordshire terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #85 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

They may be large, but American Staffordshire terriers are gentle in nature. In fact, they’re known as “nanny dogs” thanks to the breed’s ability to be patient and nurturing toward children.

#84. Border terrierBill Thompson / Flickr

#84. Border terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #84 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +4 in popularity

Border terriers were bred to hunt small game; they don’t make good pets for households where hamsters or gerbils reside for that very reason. However, if you’re looking for a competitive breed, then you can’t do better than these wiry dogs. Border terriers have been known to annihilate the competition in Earthdog trials.

#83. PekingeseKaren Arnold / Pixabay

#83. Pekingese

– 2019 registration rank: #83 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +9 in popularity

Imperial China took their love for Pekingeses seriously. In fact, if you were caught stealing one, it was an offense punishable by death. While that part of their history is intense, their time in the palaces of China made them the lovable lap dogs they are today.

#82. Staffordshire bull terrierWikimedia Commons

#82. Staffordshire bull terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #82 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Like other bull terriers, this breed was originally bred to fight. However, these dogs have happily transitioned into loving companion dogs in the modern day.

You may also like: Dog breeds gaining the most popularity

#81. Coton de TulearJackieLou DL / Public Domain Pictures

#81. Coton de Tulear

– 2019 registration rank: #81 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

The Coton de Tulear was once the official dog of Madagascar, and only royals were allowed to own the breed. Thanks to their affable personalities, the breed has grown in popularity, ranking as the 80th most popular dog breed in 2016.

#80. Chinese crestedPxHere

#80. Chinese crested

– 2019 registration rank: #80 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

These little dogs are neither fully hairless nor of Chinese origin. The Chinese crested actually originated in Africa, but the dogs came to be popular as ratters on Chinese ships which earned them their name. The breed is notably fluffy for being supposedly hairless, and requires a bit of routine grooming to keep its unique look tidy.

#79. Irish SetterMr_Incognito_ / Pixabay

#79. Irish Setter

– 2019 registration rank: #79 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Americans’ love for Irish setters may have started with a dog named Elcho, the first Irish Setter to become a show dog stateside. Elcho is believed to have fathered 197 puppies.

#78. Lhasa ApsoPxHere

#78. Lhasa Apso

– 2019 registration rank: #78 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -7 in popularity

The Lhasa Apso is considered sacred in Tibet, the dog’s country of origin. Many Tibetan people believe the dogs play a crucial step in the reincarnation process and that before a priest could be reborn as a human, he would first be reincarnated as a Lhasa Apso.

#77. Chow ChowWikimedia Commons

#77. Chow Chow

– 2019 registration rank: #77 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Like the Chinese Shar-Pei, the chow chow has a trademark blue tongue. Cat lovers who are thinking about adopting a dog would do well to consider this breed, since they are considered the cats of the canine world. Just like feline friends, chow chows tend not to care much about their owner’s needs and prefer to do their own thing.

You may also like: Can you answer these real ‘Jeopardy!’ questions about dogs?

#76. Irish wolfhoundAirwolfhound / Flickr

#76. Irish wolfhound

– 2019 registration rank: #76 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

This breed is so old that it has its own motto. In ancient Rome, Irish wolfhounds were said to be “gentle when stroked, fierce when provoked.” The dogs came by the motto naturally, as the fierce dogs were big game hunters who could easily take down elk.

#75. Russell terrierRados≈Çaw Dro≈ºd≈ºewski / Wikicommons

#75. Russell terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #75 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +7 in popularity

Russell terriers, Jack Russell terriers, and Parson terriers all originated from the same dedicated breeder, the Rev. John “Jack” Russell. What makes the Russell terrier a bit different is the breed’s short stature; the dog was bred with short legs to make it easier to carry on hunts.

#74. Miniature pinscherLEONARDO DASILVA / Wikimedia Commons

#74. Miniature pinscher

– 2019 registration rank: #74 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -4 in popularity

Contrary to popular belief, the miniature pinscher is not a miniature Doberman pinscher. In fact, they’re far more closely related to the Italian greyhound and terrier breeds. These little dogs are known for being a tad bit stubborn, but they’re perfect for people who love active pups.

#73. Greater Swiss mountain dogGSS2010 / WIkimedia Commons

#73. Greater Swiss mountain dog

– 2019 registration rank: #73 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

The greater Swiss mountain dog is a rare breed climbing in popularity. This could be due in part to the dogs’ great strength and their adaptability—these animals love activities, and will happily go hiking or learn agility tricks.

#72. Cairn terrierRonald Muller-Hagen / Wikimedia Commons

#72. Cairn terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #72 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

The Cairn terrier holds a special place in pop culture history. One little pup named Terry took on the role of Toto in The Wizard of Oz, ensuring that the breed was forever immortalized on the big screen.

You may also like: Most popular dog breeds that are good for families

#71. Giant schnauzerKaren Abeyasekere / DOD Photo, defense.gov

#71. Giant schnauzer

– 2019 registration rank: #71 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +7 in popularity

Giant schnauzers demand respect, but once they have it, they will make exceptional guard dogs. They’re also keen workers that thrive on tasks even one as simple as fetching your shoes.

#70. Old English sheepdogDavid Martyn Hunt / Flickr

#70. Old English sheepdog

– 2019 registration rank: #70 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Disney loves this long-haired breed. Not only did an Old English sheepdog star in The Shaggy Dog, animated versions of the breed appeared in The Little Mermaid and 101 Dalmatians.

#69. Great PyreneesHeartSpoon / Wikimedia Commons

#69. Great Pyrenees

– 2019 registration rank: #69 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

King Louis XIV’s court loved this breed so much that they were declared the royal dog of France. Despite their upper-crust fans, the dogs were actually bred to watch over flocks at night. As a result, even today they’re considered nocturnal.

#68. Dogues de Bordeauxdaveynin / Wikimedia Commons

#68. Dogues de Bordeaux

– 2019 registration rank: #68 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

This big, drooling breed has an equally large heart. While they can strike an imposing figure, these gentle giants make excellent therapy dogs.

#67. Italian greyhoundlouiesbath / Flickr

#67. Italian greyhound

– 2019 registration rank: #67 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +6 in popularity

In the past, Italian greyhounds were favorite dogs of aristocrats. When you take into account their sleek look and love of being in their owners’ laps, it’s easy to see why so many people fall for this breed. Italian greyhounds aren’t just terrific snugglers, they’re also extremely fast and can run up to 25 miles per hour.

You may also like: Origins of the 50 most popular dog breeds

#66. Cardigan Welsh corgiFatFairfax / Wikimedia Commons

#66. Cardigan Welsh corgi

– 2019 registration rank: #66 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Despite not being Queen Elizabeth II’s preferred breed of corgi, Cardigan Welsh corgis have been around longer than their Pembroke cousins. These reliable little animals are farm dogs at heart, and they’re right at home working with livestock or keeping mice out of the barn.

#65. Chinese Shar-PeiDavid Raihelgauz / Shutterstock

#65. Chinese Shar-Pei

– 2019 registration rank: #65 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

A devoted dog lover named Matgo Law made it his mission to save these wrinkly pups from extinction. When owning pets became a luxury in Communist China, Law made a plea for other countries to help him save the breed. After the story was picked up by Life magazine, the Chinese Shar-Pei became an in-demand breed stateside.

#64. Alaskan MalamuteTatyana Kuznetsova / Shutterstock

#64. Alaskan Malamute

– 2019 registration rank: #64 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -6 in popularity

These furry pups were bred to haul cargo across frozen terrain, but they’re now happy to be companion animals. The malamute is a large, caring breed that makes an excellent family pet.

#63. German wirehaired pointerPixabay

#63. German wirehaired pointer

– 2019 registration rank: #63 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

These wirehaired dogs can hunt during any season and on almost any terrain, which helped increase their popularity over the years. Whether diving into a lake or running through tall grass, this breed will seldom allow its prey to get away.

#62. Wirehaired pointing griffonPets Adviser / Wikimedia Commons

#62. Wirehaired pointing griffon

– 2019 registration rank: #62 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +3 in popularity

This breed has webbed toes for swimming, but they’re also adept pointers. Wirehaired pointing griffons were specifically bred for their versatility as hunting dogs.

You may also like: Biggest dog breeds

#61. Bull terrierLilly M / Wikimedia Commons

#61. Bull terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #61 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Thanks to its distinctive look, the bull terrier has a history of being the spokesdog for famous brands. Notable members of the breed include Target’s Bullseye and Bud Light’s Spuds Mackenzie—who, despite being a ladies’ man in the commercials, was actually a female named Honey.

#60. Airedale terrierCharles Rondeau / Public Domain Pitctures

#60. Airedale terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #60 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

The largest of all the terrier breeds, the Airedales were instrumental in WWII when they served as messengers and ambulance dogs. Don’t be fooled, though—they may be the largest terriers, but they possess just as much energy as their smaller counterparts.

#59. DalmatianKaren Arnold / Public Domain Pictures

#59. Dalmatian

– 2019 registration rank: #59 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

The spotted Dalmatian has been long-associated with firefighters, and for good reason. These hardworking pups used to work well with horses in the days before fire engines and would run ahead of firefighters to clear a path as they made their way to the scene. When firefighters transitioned from wagons to trucks, the breed adapted with them.

#58. SamoyedAlexander Patrikeev / Wikimedia Commons

#58. Samoyed

– 2019 registration rank: #58 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Samoyeds are true ancestors of the wolf. The howls of this breed actually sound like singing, and when they’re in a group they appear to be harmonizing.

#57. WhippetMatt Brown / Flickr

#57. Whippet

– 2019 registration rank: #57 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +4 in popularity

Like greyhounds, these quiet dogs are also quite fast. The sporting breed was a favorite among textile workers in the 1900s, many of whom are responsible for introducing the sleek dogs to America.

You may also like: Every new dog breed recognized in the 21st century

#56. Scottish terrierKelly Hunter / Flickr

#56. Scottish terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #56 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Scottish terriers were all the rage in the United States during the 1930s. They even charmed President Franklin D. Roosevelt, whose Scottie, Fala, was called the “most photographed dog in the world.”

#55. Australian cattle dogPixabay

#55. Australian cattle dog

– 2019 registration rank: #55 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Australian cattle dogs have a dash of dingo in them, as well as a bit of Dalmatian. This makes the breed at once terrific at herding and deeply loyal.

#54. Soft-coated Wheaten terrierMax Pixel

#54. Soft-coated Wheaten terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #54 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Soft-coated Wheaten terriers stand as high as 19 inches and weigh up to 40 pounds. Famous for what has come to be known as the “Wheaten greetin’,” an incredibly crazy display of affection upon welcoming their owners home, these exuberantly playful pups were originally bred as farm dogs expected to herd livestock, hunt down potentially destructive pests, and protect their owners’ homes from perceived threats with a signaling bark. Today, they make fantastic family pets due to their exceptionally outgoing personality and reputation for playing well with kids.

#53. PapillonSergVG / Pixabay

#53. Papillon

– 2019 registration rank: #53 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Called papillon thanks to its butterfly-like ears, this toy breed isn’t big on lounging. Papillon owners should be prepared to spend a great deal of time playing with and exercising their energetic pups.

#52. BullmastiffCorpusdigitalis / Wikimedia Commons

#52. Bullmastiff

– 2019 registration rank: #52 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Originally bred to be guard dogs, the bullmastiff is quite often described as muscular and fearless, and makes a great family companion. Possibly the most famous bullmastiff in America is Butkus, Sylvester Stallone’s pet, who appeared in the movie “Rocky” when they couldn’t afford a trained movie dog.

You may also like: Stories behind every dog breed that originated in America

#51. BloodhoundPixabay

#51. Bloodhound

– 2019 registration rank: #51 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

The exact origins of the “sleuthhound,” as the breed is sometimes called, are unknown. Bloodhounds became popular during medieval times and the “blood” part of their name means “of aristocratic blood” due to princes and other noble church members owning packs of these dogs. Bloodhounds are known for their droopy, wrinkled features and their distinct sense of smell which can often help law enforcement locate criminals and missing persons.

#50. English cocker spanielenil / Wikimedia Commons

#50. English cocker spaniel

– 2019 registration rank: #50 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

During a period from the 1930s until the 1950s, the English cocker spaniel was the most beloved dog breed in America. While they’ve never quite reached that level of popularity again, these sweet animals remain a favorite among pet owners.

#49. Portuguese water dogBev Sykes / flickr

#49. Portuguese water dog

– 2019 registration rank: #49 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

The most famous Portuguese water dog owners in recent history are the Obamas. Their pups, Bo and Sunny, no doubt contributed to the breed’s 2016 spike in popularity.

#48. St. Bernarddbking / Wikimedia Commons

#48. St. Bernard

– 2019 registration rank: #48 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Anyone who grew up in the 1990s may be compelled to call their St. Bernard Beethoven thanks to the breed’s starring role in the family film franchise of the same name. That 1992 movie and its subsequent sequels displayed St. Bernards as slobbery-yet-loyal beasts but that is an improvement over their portrayal in 1983’s horror flick Cujo. In reality, St. Bernards are large, friendly, and hard-working dogs famous for their Alpine rescues of lost and injured hikers.

#47. AkitaPixabay

#47. Akita

– 2019 registration rank: #47 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Originally known simply as snow country dogs, Akitas hail from the mountainous region of Japan where they were used to track and hunt wild boar, deer, elk, and bears. Author and activist Helen Keller is said to have brought the breed into the U.S. in 1937, and Akitas have since become known for their remarkable loyalty. The most famous Akita in history is Hachikō, a dog that waited for its owner for more than nine years after his death. Their most recognizable features are their webbed toes and curly, plush tail.

You may also like: Most popular house-friendly dogs

#46. Chesapeake Bay retrieverKeith Rousseau / Wikimedia Commons

#46. Chesapeake Bay retriever

– 2019 registration rank: #46 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Chesapeake Bay retrievers were originally used to hunt and retrieve ducks in Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay. Today, the dog remains a hunting breed that is also known to be an ideal companion for people across the U.S. Chessies are generally less friendly than Labrador or golden retrievers, and are best-suited to those with a commanding presence who prefer a protective hunting companion over an obedient pet.

#45. Shiba InuTakashiba / Wikimedia Commons

#45. Shiba Inu

– 2019 registration rank: #45 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

The Shiba Inu (Japanese for “brushwood dog”) is a very independent breed. Because of this, the dogs are next to impossible to train; however, what they lack in obedience they make up for in loyalty. After the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake, a Shiba Inu helped rescue workers locate her elderly owner who had been trapped beneath the rubble. The ordeal was adapted into a movie called “A Tale of Mari and Three Puppies.” Shiba Inus are also known to frequently groom themselves similarly to cats, and emit piercing screams when they are unhappy or afraid.

#44. West Highland white TerrierRandy Son Of Robert / Wikimedia Commons

#44. West Highland white Terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #44 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Although small in size and quite cuddly looking, West Highland white terriers have very high energy levels and are unlikely to settle for being someone’s lap dog. Commonly called Westies, the dog was originally bred in Scotland to hunt foxes, badgers, otters, and rats. A West Highland white terrier has long-served as the mascot for the Caesar Pet Food company, while the breed has most recently been prominently featured in the 2018 comedy Game Night starring Jason Bateman and Rachel McAdams.

#43. Bichon FriseHeike Andres / Wikimedia Commons

#43. Bichon Frise

– 2019 registration rank: #43 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +3 in popularity

Bichons Frises love to be the center of attention. They are highly trainable and easily perform new and exciting tricks. In fact, this breed’s knack for entertaining originally earned it a spot in the circus. Today, the breed is considered the ultimate companion thanks to its cheerful demeanor and cloud-like white fur coat that makes the dog resemble a child’s toy. Because of their exceptional affection, these dogs are also prone to separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time and heartbreak if subjected to scoldings or harsh training.

#42. Rhodesian ridgebackMax Pixel

#42. Rhodesian ridgeback

– 2019 registration rank: #42 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Rhodesian ridgebacks are most easily recognized by the naturally occurring ridge found along their spines, for which they have been dubbed “the dog with a snake on its back.” This breed has also been commonly referred to as “African lion hound,” thanks to the dog’s history of distracting lions for big-game hunters in Africa. Rhodesian ridgebacks need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to satisfy their active, energetic, and protective instincts.

You may also like: Most popular dog breeds that don’t shed

#41. Belgian MalinoisPexels

#41. Belgian Malinois

– 2019 registration rank: #41 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Most commonly associated with police work, the Belgian Malinois is known for its exceptional tracking abilities. These dogs can detect odors, hunt down suspects, and find injured persons in search and rescue missions better than most other breeds. Because of this, these dogs are used by the U.S. Secret Service to guard the White House grounds. The breed’s popularity rose after one appeared in the 2015 family film Max, but it is important to remember that these dogs require plenty of stimulation and exercise or they may develop destructive and neurotic behaviors.

#40. NewfoundlandPixabay

#40. Newfoundland

– 2019 registration rank: #40 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Newfoundlands are known to be sweet-tempered with watchful eyes. Perhaps that is why author J.M. Barrie chose one to be the nursemaid dog Nana for Wendy John and Michael in Peter Pan—just one of many representations of the breed in pop culture. Newfoundlands were originally bred as working dogs, pulling nets out of the water and hauling wood from the forest for their working-class owners. They have since earned their place in the home, enjoying a slower lifestyle with the occasional physical activity, especially swimming.

#39. WeimaranerPixabay

#39. Weimaraner

– 2019 registration rank: #39 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

Weimaraners are said to have been developed by German aristocrats who crossbred bloodhounds with German and French hunting dogs. Once used in big-game hunts tracking bears, deer, mountain lions, and wolves, Weimaraners have since evolved into canine sidekicks that want to be with their owners all of the time. Because of this shadowing characteristic, the dogs earned the nickname “gray ghosts.” Weimeraners’ hunting instincts have not completely disappeared, as the dogs are still happy to chase and kill anything resembling small prey—including mice, birds, cats, and even small dogs.

#38. CollieYasu w / Wikimedia Commons

#38. Collie

– 2019 registration rank: #38 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Known for their sheep-herding abilities and outstanding loyalty, collies are considered to be very compassionate, intelligent dogs. This breed is easy to train, protective of its family, and excellent with children. Although there have been many Collies featured in pop culture over the years, the most recognizable one is Lassie, a canine character that has been the subject of multiple television series and major motion pictures (and one of only a few animal actors to have its own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame).

#37. Basset Houndpatchattack / Flickr

#37. Basset Hound

– 2019 registration rank: #37 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Basset hounds’ most recognizable trait is a toss-up between their droopy puppy dog eyes and ear-piercing howls. The breed is also known for its keen sense of smell, second only to bloodhounds. Basset hounds have been frequently featured in pop culture, including several Walt Disney animated films and an array of television series such as The People’s Choice, Columbo, and The Dukes of Hazzard.

You may also like: How well do you know your dog breeds?

#36. MalteseAnn / Wikimedia Commons

#36. Maltese

– 2019 registration rank: #36 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Maltese have been around through the ages. Its exact origin is unknown, but the breed is believed to have been developed in the Isle of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea and representations of it have shown up in early Greek, Roman, and Egyptian cultures. Typically weighing less than 7 pounds, Maltese are known for their long white coats that give them an elegant appearance. This, paired with the dog’s uncanny athleticism, make this breed a favorite at show competitions.

#35. ChihuahuaPixabay

#35. Chihuahua

– 2019 registration rank: #35 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

The Chihuahuas is much more than Taco Bell’s former spokesdog. These small dogs have very big personalities and perhaps even bigger hearts. Chihuahuas develop exceptionally strong bonds with their owners, a quality that has contributed to the phenomenon of young women carrying the breed around in their purse wherever they go. Standing between 6 and 9 inches tall and weighing between 3 and 6 pounds Chihuahuas are naive about their small stature and are considered to be one of the world’s best watchdogs thanks to their alertness and proclivity to bark at suspicious activity.

#34. Vizslaboldogsag / flickr

#34. Vizsla

– 2019 registration rank: #34 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

Vizslas were initially introduced to the U.S. in 1950 when one was smuggled out of Communist Hungary. They were first used as hunting dogs by Magyar hordes before being bred to serve as pointers and retrievers for Hungarian nobles. They have since earned the nickname “Velcro vizslas” due to their desire to stay close to their owner. Vizslas are very active dogs with a strong sense of smell: qualities that have made them great at competitions drug-detection and search-and-rescue.

#33. Border collieTina creates / Wikimedia Commons

#33. Border collie

– 2019 registration rank: #33 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Border collies such as the one featured in the family film Babe and its sequel Babe 2: Pig in the City originated in the hilly border country between Scotland and England. Their trademark “herding eye” made them excellent for controlling flocks of sheep, a task for which they are still commonly used today. In addition to sheep herding, border collies are great competitors in agility, flyball, flying disc, and other dog sports. Border collies are ideal fits for owners with active lifestyles.

#32. MastiffPixabay

#32. Mastiff

– 2019 registration rank: #32 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

Mastiffs are descendants of ancient molossers, which are said to have originated in Tibet or northern India where they were used to guard flocks against predators. Mastiffs are considered to be the largest breed in the world, standing about 30 inches tall and weighing 120 to 230 pounds. A 342-pound mastiff named Zorba earned his status as the world’s heaviest dog, according to the Guinness Book of World Records. Although their massive size makes them immediately intimidating, these dogs are surprisingly patient and affectionate, just as the kids in the 1993 movie The Sandlot discovered.

You may also like: 23 dogs that won’t make you sneeze

#31. PugMax Pixel

#31. Pug

– 2019 registration rank: #31 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

Pugs’ history goes back 2,000 years when they were developed to serve as refined pets for emperors of China. These dogs are clowns at heart and love to be the center of attention, which is not hard to pull off thanks to their big eyes, wrinkly face, curly tails, and tongues that often stick out for all the world to see. Pugs snort, snore, and wheeze, and cannot tolerate high heat or extreme exercise.

#30. Cane corsoPublic Domain Pictures

#30. Cane Corso

– 2019 registration rank: #30 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Also known as Italian mastiffs, the Cane Corso was originally bred as a guard dog that could also hunt wild boar. Usually standing at least 28 inches tall and weighing more than 100 pounds, the muscular appearance of this dog may be in and of itself enough to ward off intruders. Cane Corsos do not typically demonstrate their affection for their owners or their families through requests for attention or touch—they communicate their love through “woo woo woo” sounds and snorts.

#29. Miniature American shepherdLextergrace / Wikimedia Commons

#29. Miniature American shepherd

– 2019 registration rank: #29 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +5 in popularity

Miniature American shepherds resemble Australian shepherds, just on a smaller scale. Whereas their larger counterparts measure about 18 to 23 inches tall at the shoulder, miniature American shepherds stand 14 to 18 inches tall. These dogs were selectively bred in the 1960s from small Australian shepherds in the U.S. rodeo circuit to further reduce their size. Their small size and intelligence make them popular picks for travelers and those who frequent livestock shows—especially for their portability and reliability in herding.

#28. Cocker spanielMax Pixel

#28. Cocker spaniel

– 2019 registration rank: #28 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Contrary to what Disney’s Lady and the Tramp would have you believe, cocker spaniels do not and should not eat spaghetti. Easily identified by their big puppy dog eyes and their long, lush ears, cocker spaniels are the American Kennel Club’s smallest sporting spaniel and stand at just 14 or 15 inches tall at the shoulder. They are also exceptionally easy to train and very affectionate companions that are gentle with children, the elderly, and other pets. It is important to remember that in addition to being lovers, cocker spaniels are also hunters—and very athletic ones at that.

#27. English springer spanielPixabay

#27. English springer spaniel

– 2019 registration rank: #27 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

The English springer spaniel’s name is derived from the way in which the dog “springs” at game to flush it out for hunters. These dogs are typically bred as either hunting dogs or show dogs, but never both. One thing they all excel at, though, is pleasing their owners and becoming valuable members of a family—including those with children and other pets. These dogs cannot resist a long walk, friendly game of fetch, swimming, or anything else that provides them some quality time with their people.

You may also like: Fastest dogs in the world

#26. BrittanyPharaoh Hound / Wikimedia

#26. Brittany

– 2019 registration rank: #26 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Brittanys get their name from the area where they were developed hundreds of years ago: the westernmost region of France. They are primarily bird dogs, hunting anything and everything covered in feathers. Brittanys tend to be hyperactive, and are therefore best paired with owners who can match their boundless energy with plenty of physical stimulation. Their exceptional exuberance also makes Brittanys quality companions for children—albeit only those who are big enough to not get trampled by the dog during one of its bursts of enthusiasm.

#25. Shetland SheepdogPixabay

#25. Shetland Sheepdog

– 2019 registration rank: #25 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Shetland sheepdogs were once described as miniature collies since they essentially resemble that breed, albeit on a smaller scale although they come in a variety of unique markings. Commonly called Shelties, Shetland sheepdogs originated in the Shetland Islands, which is also where Shetland ponies and Shetland sheep got their start. These dogs integrate very well into families, but can be wary of strangers and therefore have been known to be loud barkers. These qualities make Shetland sheepdogs excellent watchdogs.

#24. PomeranianLuis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez / Wikimedia Commons

#24. Pomeranian

– 2019 registration rank: #24 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Pomeranians look more like toys or fashion accessories than actual dogs. Maybe that is why the breed is popular among celebrities like Paris Hilton, Nicole Richie, Hilary Duff, Gwen Stefani, and Eva Longoria. Pomeranians are actually descendants of full-size sled dogs, which likely explains their excessive energy level. In addition to featuring the vigor of a big, athletic dog, Pomeranians are rarely intimidated by strangers and other animals.

#23. Bernese mountain dogMax Pixel

#23. Bernese mountain dog

– 2019 registration rank: #23 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Bernese mountain dogs are originally working dogs from Swiss farmlands, where they were bred to herd cattle and pull carts. Sometimes referred to as “Berners,” these dogs have been known to pull up to 10 times their body weight. Bernese mountain dogs tend to become very attached to their owners (especially children) and can express a great deal of affection. For that reason, these dogs make excellent therapy dogs. Because of their large size and hauling capabilities, Bernese mountain dogs make ideal companions for hikers as they don’t mind pulling the extra weight of a backpack or other supplies.

#22. HavaneseSandra Huber / Shutterstock

#22. Havanese

– 2019 registration rank: #22 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Havanese’ name is derived from Havana, the capital city of Cuba where the breed began in the 1800s, as a lapdog for aristocrats and wealthy planters. This history of pampering has imprinted upon the breed a reputation for being spoiled rotten, as these house dogs stick to their owners like glue, crave lots of attention, and become anxious if left alone for too long or exiled to the backyard. However, this also makes Havanese people pleasers that are easy to train and teach agility tricks.

You may also like: The most obedient dog breeds

#21. Boston TerrierGdegezelle / Wikimedia Commons

#21. Boston Terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #21 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Boston terriers’ roots are said to begin in England, where someone crossbred a bulldog with the now-extinct white English terrier for the purpose of pit fighting. That dog, which was sold to an American and brought in the late 1800s to Boston, Mass., is believed to be the common ancestor of all true Boston terriers. Despite these origins, the breed would rather show affection than aggression. The dog’s black-and-white, tuxedo-like pattern—paired with its great manners—have earned the breed the nickname, “The American gentleman.”

#20. Shih TzuRuss Sanderlin / Flickr

#20. Shih Tzu

– 2019 registration rank: #20 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Translated from Chinese to English as “lion dog,” Shih Tzus were originally bred in China to serve as lapdogs for royalty. Centuries later they have not forgotten their pampered roots. Shih Tzus live for naps on the laps of their owners. This breed is among the friendliest in the world, constantly showing affection and always eager to make new friends of the two- and four-foot variety.

#19. Doberman pinscherPixabay

#19. Doberman Pinscher

– 2019 registration rank: #19 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Doberman Pinschers have a reputation for being sleek guard dogs, especially in films like Hugo, Resident Evil, and Beverly Hills Chihuahua. That’s perhaps because they were originally bred to be such in Germany during the late 19th century. That said, these dogs have proven themselves to be much more than the sinister attack dogs pop culture continues to portray them as. While it is true they remain great guard dogs, they never look for trouble on their own and typically only attack when defending their family from perceived threats. Dobies are actually very loving companions who view themselves as their families’ protectors.

#18. Miniature schnauzerPharaoh Hound / Wikimedia Commons

#18. Miniature schnauzer

– 2019 registration rank: #18 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Miniature schnauzers are possibly most recognizable for their bushy beards and eyebrows, features that protect their faces from the vermin they were originally bred to hunt. These dogs still perform pest-control duties and are instinctively curious about mice, gerbils, and even small birds—so they may not be the best dog for families with small pets.

#17. Great DanePixabay

#17. Great Dane

– 2019 registration rank: #17 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Possibly best known for their fictional counterparts Scooby Doo and Marmaduke, this giant breed’s physical size is matched only by the size of its heart. Commonly standing as tall as 32 inches at the shoulder, Great Danes are often referred to as the “Apollo of dogs.” They are gentle giants with very affectionate personalities who sometimes seem to be oblivious about their size as they enjoy cuddling up on owners’ laps. However, while Great Danes are tender to their family members and other friendly individuals, these dogs will not hesitate to protect loved ones if the need arises.

You may also like: Most popular dog breed the year you were born

#16. Cavalier King Charles spanielDavid Shankbone / Wikimedia Commons

#16. Cavalier King Charles spaniel

– 2019 registration rank: #16 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Cavalier King Charles spaniels were named in honor of King Charles I and his son, King Charles II, European nobility who were especially fond of toy spaniels. Standing 12 to 13 inches tall and weighing just 13 to 18 pounds, these spaniels are one of the larger toy breeds—not that this fact stops them from wanting to cuddle up on their owners’ laps.

#15. Siberian huskyPxHere

#15. Siberian Husky

– 2019 registration rank: #15 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

Siberian Huskies were originally developed by the Chukchi people in Siberia as a working dog to pull heavy sleds over long distances. They were introduced to the U.S. in the early 1900s when they began to compete in Alaskan sled races, and have since been featured in films like Snow Dogs and Eight Below. Siberian Huskies are pack dogs that are particularly independent and difficult to train, but still very affectionate. It is especially important to have a properly fenced backyard for this breed, as Siberian huskies are highly athletic and known to be serial escape artists.

#14. BoxerMax Pixel

#14. Boxer

– 2019 registration rank: #14 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -3 in popularity

Boxers are probably best known for their wrinkled worrisome faces. Don’t let those sad expressions fool you—these dogs are exceptionally playful and full of energy. These qualities have earned boxers the honor of being occasionally called the “Peter Pan of dogs,” an especially appropriate title since they have one of the longest puppyhoods in the world and do not reach maturity until they turn 3.

#13. Australian ShepherdPixabay

#13. Australian Shepherd

– 2019 registration rank: #13 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +2 in popularity

Contrary to what their name suggests, Australian shepherds originated in the U.S. during the 1840s. Nicknamed “Aussies,” these shepherds are among the smartest and most loyal of any dog breed. It is not uncommon for Australian shepherds to outsmart their owners, so it is best to keep the minds of these dogs occupied with various household tasks like bringing in the newspaper. Aussies are also one of the most versatile dog breeds in the world, excelling at herding, obedience, agility, and even rodeo events.

#12. Yorkshire TerrierChristian Glöckner / Wikimedia Commons

#12. Yorkshire Terrier

– 2019 registration rank: #12 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -2 in popularity

Yorkshire Terriers are descendants of dogs that were used to hunt rats in coal mines, textile mills, and factories of England during the Industrial Revolution. Today, Yorkshire Terriers’ beautiful, floor-length silky coats have made the dogs favorites among fashionistas. It’s important to note that Yorkshire Terriers have short tempers and tend to nip when anxious or annoyed.

You may also like: Most popular dog breed the year you were born

#11. DachshundPixabay

#11. Dachshund

– 2019 registration rank: #11 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Dachshunds have many nicknames including “wiener dog,” but their name actually translates from German to English as “badger dog.” That’s because this breed originated more than 300 years ago to hunt badgers (and even fight them to the death). Their incredible sense of smell, paired with their short legs and long bodies, made these hounds the perfect little exterminators of burrowing critters.

#10. Pembroke Welsh corgiPmuths1956 / Wikimedia Commons

#10. Pembroke Welsh corgi

– 2019 registration rank: #10 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +3 in popularity

Do not allow the Pembroke Welsh corgis’ short legs fool you—they are one of the most effective herding dogs in the world. But while they have proven themselves to be hard workers, these dogs are also extremely affectionate and outgoing, with regal personalities that lend themselves to pampering.

#9. German shorthaired pointerLilly M / Wikimedia Commons

#9. German shorthaired pointer

– 2019 registration rank: #9 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

German shorthaired pointers were originally bred in Germany during the late 1800s as a dog that would instinctively perform a variety of hunting-related duties. The breed’s name is partially derived from the arrow-like stance the dog exhibits while locating prey. German shorthaired pointers’ high energy makes them good company for long hikes, while their strong work ethic and desire to please make them all-around excellent additions to any family.

#8. RottweilerPixabay

#8. Rottweiler

– 2019 registration rank: #8 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Rottweilers have a history of being quite the hard-working dogs. Originally bred in Germany to drive cattle to butchers and pull carts filled with meat, Rottweilers were later used as police dogs before eventually settling into their current jobs as very reliable guard dogs. They have an uncanny natural instinct to protect their owners, families, and homes, and have therefore earned a reputation for being aggressive and ferocious in their defense methods. But when properly trained and socialized, Rottweilers can be quite lovable and even forget that they are entirely too big to be lap dogs

#7. BeaglePipkin2.0 / Wikimedia Commons

#7. Beagle

– 2019 registration rank: #7 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: -1 in popularity

The beagle is said to have been derived from an old French word that translates into English as “gaped throat.” That is likely because beagles bark, howl, and bay—especially when their uncanny sense of smell picks up something that intrigues them. Their noses have about 220 million scent receptors, which is exponentially more than the roughly 5 million scent receptors on the average human.

You may also like: Most popular dog breeds that keep it quiet

#6. PoodlePixabay

#6. Poodle

– 2019 registration rank: #6 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: +1 in popularity

Originating in Germany as duck retrievers, poodles have since earned a reputation of royalty due to their success at show competitions and meticulous hairdos. While many poodles live relatively luxurious lives and develop superiority complexes as the alpha of a family, poodles are also extremely intelligent and capable of learning a variety of tasks and tricks.

#5. BulldogMax Pixel

#5. Bulldog

– 2019 registration rank: #5 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Much like the one featured in the 2002 comedy Van Wilder, bulldogs tend to be quite flatulent. Originally bred to fight bulls for sport, this breed has made a place for itself in homes where they can essentially be couch potatoes and a constant source of amusement for families.

#4. French bulldogJean Beaufort / PublicDomainPictures

#4. French bulldog

– 2019 registration rank: #4 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

French bulldogs’ trademark feature is their erect bat ears, but this breed has a lot more going for it than its bulldog-like face in miniature size. This dog is among the most affectionate of breeds, although its attachment issues can manifest as possessiveness. It’s imperative to socialize this breed as much as possible.

#3. Golden retrieverSiavash Ghazvinian / Wikimedia Commons

#3. Golden retriever

– 2019 registration rank: #3 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Golden retrievers may very well be the all-American dog, especially if you consider their frequent appearances in movies like Air Bud and television series like Full House. But before coming to the U.S., golden retrievers were bred in Scotland for the purpose of retrieving game for hunters. While they can certainly still perform those duties, golden retrievers are now more prone to retrieving their owner’s newspapers and slippers. Goldens are exceptionally easy to train but are among the least effective guard dogs out there thanks to their highly affectionate instincts.

#2. German shepherdPexels

#2. German shepherd

– 2019 registration rank: #2 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

The German shepherd may be the most versatile dog breed, as it has made a name for itself in a variety of industries including law enforcement, the military, search and rescue, herding, and drug detection. These dogs tend to become very attached to their owners and are therefore affectionate and prone to separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time.

You may also like: Most popular small dog breeds

#1. Labrador retrieverMadeleine Lewander / Pixabay

#1. Labrador retriever

– 2019 registration rank: #1 highest of 193 breeds
– Change in rank from previous year: No change

Labrador retrievers originally hail from Newfoundland where they were bred to be waterdogs that could help hunters retrieve ducks and fishermen pull in nets. Their “otter tails” assist them with these tasks by acting as powerful rudders. This breed is one of the most frequently portrayed dogs in movies and on television, with appearances ranging from Family Guy and Lost to Old Yeller and . The breed was also the first to grace the cover of Life magazine and a U.S. postage stamp.

Continue Reading

Dog Breeds

Even Puppies Get the Point

Published

on

Dogs’ ability to understand us and respond to our attempts to communicate with them has long been considered a fundamental part of the close relationship we share. More than two decades ago, researchers first provided evidence that dogs can follow human pointing gestures.

Many studies have since shown that when humans point at one of two identical objects to indicate the location of the food, dogs respond by choosing the one pointed more often than we would happen to expect. This may sound like an easy skill, but maybe that’s because it’s so easy for us. The idea that another species can respond to our hint is a big deal.

As with any significant discovery, this topic has been discussed at length. Behavioral questions mainly revolve around whether dogs are learning what this gesture means from spending so much time with us, or whether they can naturally understand that pointing is a way to get their attention to something interesting.

It is difficult to study for practical and ethical reasons. Most adult dogs have a lot of experience with humans. Raising dogs without such contact for the purposes of scientific study would be cruel and totally unacceptable. It would also be pointless because such dogs would be so poorly socialized and so fearful that they would not be able to participate in studies. However, puppies are a different matter.

Get the BARK NEWSLETTER in your inbox!

Sign up and get answers to your questions.

In a recent study, researchers used the fact that young puppies have limited experience with humans to examine their ability to respond to human pointing gestures. The 375 participating puppies were between 7.3 and 10.4 weeks old (mean age 8.4 weeks). The puppies were loaned out by Canine Companions for Independence, a non-profit group that provides assistance dogs to people with disabilities. The 203 females and 172 males came from 117 litters. In terms of breed, there were 98 Labrador Retrievers, 23 Golden Retrievers, and 254 Golden Retriever / Labrador Retriever crosses.


The experimenter hid food in one of two places and either (A) pointed and looked at the bait container, or (B) placed any marker next to the bait container. (C) Puppies exceeded chance expectation with both social cues, but not in an olfactory control state. Source: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.17.434752

In the study, the pups had a choice of two containers, one of which held a piece of snack food. While one person was holding the pup, another caught the pup’s attention and either pointed and looked at the food reward container, or showed the pup a marker (a small yellow block) and then placed the marker next to the correct container. Based on the dot gesture, the pups chose correctly more than two-thirds of the time. They correctly picked almost three-quarters of the time the person communicated the location of the food by placing the marker.

In control trials, where puppies were not directed and were likely to choose based on the smell of the food, their decisions had a success rate of 48.9 percent – essentially random and slightly worse than you’d expect based on chance alone. These experiments showed that puppies could not find the food by sniffing it out.

Multiple replications did not appear to improve the puppies’ performance. This suggests that they don’t learn the task while studying. (They had either already learned the task even though they were so young, or they could do it without having to study.) Previous studies in adult dogs – both lap dogs and assistance dogs – found similar success rates for the pointing task, and were even higher Success in the marker task.

Another aspect of this study examined the genetic basis for the variation in dogs’ ability to find food based on human information about their location. They found that 43 percent of the variation was due to heredity, confirming a long-standing belief that genetics play a role in dogs’ social and cognitive abilities. This is an important finding. In order for selection to affect a dog’s ability to respond to human communication, as there are many theories about the domestication of dogs, there must be a genetic basis.

It is important to understand that even a natural ability can be adaptive. Hence, it is not that dogs either have an innate ability or need to learn that ability. The idea that behavior is binary is extremely out of date. In fact, an influential 1967 study in my field of ethology had the brand name “Ontogenesis of an Instinct”. To understand why it was so dangerous, it is important to know that ontogeny means evolution.

The study looked at changes in a pattern of behavior that was believed to be instinctive: a gull chick pecks at one point on the beak of an adult gull to trigger feeding. Such species-specific behavior patterns were viewed as innate rather than learned. In a series of studies, Jack P. Hailman, PhD showed that learning took place and that gull chicks improved their chopping accuracy with practice.

The idea that instinctive behavior can be improved and that learning occurs in relation to such behaviors was revolutionary and has changed the field significantly. But here, more than 50 years later, we are still debating whether behavior is instinctive or learned. It is more complex than that, and we have to accept that learning can play a role even in natural and species-prevalent behavior.

One possibility that must always be considered is that dogs have a tendency to learn the ability to follow human gestures. That is, it can be easy and natural for them to learn. In fact, it can be so simple and natural that it can be difficult to find dogs who have not yet learned how to do it. The current study provides evidence that even young puppies who have not had extensive experience with humans can perform this task and – equally interesting and important – that there is a genetic basis for this behavior. However, dogs have not been shown to have this ability in the absence of experience with humans.

The researchers say it fairly in their work: “Taken together, our results show that the social skills of dogs are very important in early development and that the variation in these traits is strongly influenced by genetic factors.”

Source * thebark.com – * https://thebark.com/content/even-puppies-get-point

Continue Reading

Dog Breeds

How to Tell if Your Dog is a Genius

Published

on

Anyone who has lived with a dog knows their ability to learn the meanings of words, even those you wouldn’t want them to know. How many times did you have to spell the words “going” or “dinner” to avoid an explosion of excitement?

Previous studies have looked at how non-human animals, including chimpanzees, sea lions, and rhesus monkeys, learn words. But now, a paper published in Nature shows that some dogs learn the name of a new object after hearing it just four times, a skill previously believed to be limited to humans.

The researchers found that this skill was not common in all dogs studied, but may be limited to a few “talented” or well-trained individuals. So how do you know if your own dog is a genius or not?

The study was simple and easy to repeat at home. Just follow the researchers’ steps to see if your dog can learn the names of objects that quickly. But don’t worry if your dog doesn’t have this ability. This can only be due to his race or previous experience.

Get the BARK NEWSLETTER in your inbox!

Sign up and get answers to your questions.

Whiskey and Vicky Nina

The new study included a collie named Whiskey who knew 59 objects by name and a Yorkshire terrier named Vicky Nina who knew 42 toys.

The researchers tested each dog’s knowledge of their toy by asking them to bring each toy in turn. Neither the owners nor the experimenters could see the toys so as not to influence the choice of dogs.

Once it was determined that the dogs knew the names of all of their toys, the researchers introduced two new objects, each placed one at a time in a group of familiar toys. In this test, Whiskey chose the new toy every time. Vicky Nina got the right one in 52.5% of the attempts, which is a bit more than chance.

Learn new names

For the next part of the study, the dog was shown a toy, given its name, and then allowed to play with it. After repeating the name of two different new toys four times, the dog was asked to choose one of the two new toys.

No known toys were included in this part of the experiment in order to prevent the dog from choosing the right toy through exclusion. Knowing the name of all the other toys, the dog may choose the right toy, guessing that the unfamiliar word must indicate the unfamiliar toy.

Both dogs opted for the new toy more often than chance would predict, suggesting that they actually learned the name of a new object very quickly. However, her memory deteriorated significantly after 10 minutes and almost completely after an hour. This shows that the new learning needs more reinforcement if it is to be maintained.

Read More: Six Tips For Grooming Your New Puppy According To Science

The test with the new toy was also done by 20 volunteers with their own dogs, but these dogs did not show the ability to learn new names after a few hearings.

The authors suggested that the difference between the performance of the two dogs in their test and the volunteer dogs means that the dog may need to be unusually intelligent or have a lot of name learning experience in order to learn new names quickly.

A dog surrounded by toys.

Clever dogs

It is likely that a combination of factors are at work in these experiments. It is significant that the most common breed used in studies of this species is a border collie, specifically bred to perform audible commands and very highly motivated to perform tasks and please the handler. Yorkshire terriers also enjoy mental and physical stimulation.

Similar tests have been carried out by other research groups, usually using border collies. In 2004, a dog named Rico was found to know the names of 200 different objects, and in 2011 Chaser learned 1,022 unique objects.

Other breeds may be less interested in playing with or fetching toys. For example, greyhounds such as salukis and greyhounds are primarily bred for hunting or racing and are therefore generally more difficult to train. They may not show any interest in toys at all and be far less motivated to please the handler.

Smart dogs can learn new names quickly.

Both test dogs in this study received extensive training through play and social interaction to pay attention to the names and characteristics of the toys. This could make them more likely to notice the differences between new and familiar toys and to care about the verbal cues associated with them.

While their training was not formal, it was nonetheless positive reinforcement training, a powerful method of teaching animals and people. The dogs have undoubtedly learned their skills to a great extent.

It is entirely possible to train all dogs to perform tasks, including learning the names of objects. However, the degree to which they are willing and able to learn and perform the task depends heavily on the breed of dog and the motivation of the individual dog.

If your pet is an Afghan or Saint Bernard, don’t expect them to be interested in spending hours getting toys for you. On the other hand, if you have a border collie or poodle, their abilities can only be limited by your imagination and commitment to playing with them.The conversation

Continue Reading

Dog Breeds

10 Most Challenging Dog Breeds That Are Full Of Love

Published

on

🎥 PREVIOUS VIDEO:
🔥 Stay tuned in our Community:

All dogs need love, attention, and training – but some dog breeds need a little more than others. Every dog breed has its strengths and weaknesses. That doesn’t make any particular breed less loveable, but these 10 dog breeds may need a lot more patience and obedience training than others.
These breeds tend to be intelligent, independent, and stubborn, making then the least obedient dog breeds. Successfully training one of these breeds should win you an award!

00:00​ – Intro
00:30​ – Afghan Hound
01:19​ – Chow Chow
02:04​ – Basenji
02:45​ – Bulldog
03:24​ – Bloodhound
04:08​ – Pekingese
04:45​ – Dachshund
05:22​ – Welsh Terrier
06:03​ – Beagle
06:37​ – Borzoi
07:10​ – Outro

💌 For anything please contact us at [email protected]

source

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Advertisement

Tags

Advertisement

Trending