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Myeloma in dogs: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments



myeloma (bone marrow cancer) in dogs: symptoms, causes, & treatments

(Picture Credit: Antonio_Diaz/Getty Images)

Myeloma in dogs is a relatively uncommon bone marrow cancer that occurs when malignant plasma cells accumulate in a dog’s bone marrow.

This type of cancer is more common in purebred dogs. German Shepherds are particularly at risk. This condition is more common in dogs older than six years.

If your dog shows signs of bone cancer, please let us know. Consult your veterinarianFor a diagnosis and treatment plan, please consult your veterinarian. Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of myeloma in dogs.

Myeloma in Dogs: Signs and Symptoms

There are many symptoms of myeloma that can be seen in dogs, depending on the location and severity. The most common symptoms are:

  • Acting weak, and appearing lethargic
  • Fever
  • Difficulties with breathing
  • Detachable retina
  • Feeling pain in your bones
  • Gums turning pale
  • Bleeding often and excessively
  • Glaucoma

Myeloma in dogs: Causes

worried pet owner listening to the radiography results

(Picture Credit to Beatriz Vera/EyeM/Getty Images

It is not known what causes myeloma among dogs. Some cases have been linked to exposure to toxic chemicals such as cigarette smoke.

The likelihood of developing this type of cancer in older dogs is higher for those between six and thirteen years old. It is more common in purebred dogs (especially German Shepherds) than in mixed breed dogs.

Veterinary Treatments

If you think that your dog might be developing myeloma, you can expect your veterinarian to ask a series of questions that focus on your canine’s medical history and their lifestyle. A potential case will be evaluated by the vet with a special emphasis on the eyes.

A vet will conduct blood and urine tests to rule out other medical conditions. The vet can also use ultrasound imaging or X-rays to detect bone marrow tumors.

Some cases may require hospitalization to allow dogs to undergo blood cleansing. Radiation therapy is also used by vets to treat affected areas.

Antibiotics can be used to treat any infection that may be present due to cancer. Your vet will prescribe medication to your dog. It is crucial that you follow the exact dosage instructions and complete the entire course.

Your dog should be seen by their veterinarian regularly, even after any procedures that were performed in a hospital.

Has your dog developed myeloma? What is the treatment of your dog’s vet? Let us know all about it in our comments.