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Dog Breeds

The 25 dog breeds with the longest lifespan

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We may not want to think about it, but all pet parents have to say goodbye to their cherished dogs one day. And while they are sure to be deeply loved, no matter how long they are in your life, some will stay longer than others.

Every responsible owner wants the best for their dog, so they should do everything in their power to ensure that their dog remains healthy and happy well into old age. Dogs need a nutritious diet, plenty of exercise, and access to veterinary care.

Although every dog ​​is different and their health can be affected by underlying diseases or lifestyles, some breeds are healthier than others and less prone to health conditions that can shorten average life expectancy.

Using data from the American Kennel Club, PetMD, and Dr. Kelly M. Cassidy set up the Dogs Longevity website to find out which breeds have the longest average lifespan.

Jack Russell and Parson Russell Terriers

Russell Terriers are alert and lively, and more likely “happy, healthy little dogs” according to the Kennel Club. They live to be 14 years old on average.

Jack Russell Terriers seen on a hay bed are generally healthy dogs.
Tim Graham / Getty

Lhasa Apso

Lhasa apso dogs are smart and confident, and as a breed, generally sturdy and healthy. These dogs are likely to live to be around 14 years old.

Lhasa ApsoA Lhasa Apso at the NEC Arena in Birmingham, England for the Crufts Dog Show on March 10, 2018. Lhasa Apsos have an average lifespan of 14 years.
Richard Stabler / Getty

Miniature dachshund

Miniature Dachshunds are friendly and lively. They have an average lifespan of 14 years as long as they are healthy and happy.

Miniature dachshundA miniature dachshund in Victoria Tower Gardens, London on October 25, 2012. Miniature dachshunds live an average of 14 years.
And Kitwood / Getty

Miniature poodle

Miniature poodles are smart and proud. They can usually live between 10 and 18 years of age.

Miniature poodleMiniature Poodles in Tokyo on April 3, 2010. The breed can live up to 14 years on average.
Koichi Kamoshida / Getty

Bearded collie

The American Kennel Club describes the Bearded Collie as a “hardy” breed that generally lives through the ages of 12 to 14 years. These dogs are smart and charismatic.

Bearded collieThe American Kennel Club describes the Bearded Collie as a “sturdy” breed that generally lives through the ages of 12 to 14 years.
H. Armstrong Roberts / ClassicStock / Getty

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are loving and smart dogs who are generally healthy and have an average life expectancy of 13.

Cardigan Welsh CorgiA corgi at Santa Anita Racecourse in Arcadia, California on May 26, 2019. Cardigan Welsh Corgis have an average life expectancy of 13 years.
Mark Ralston / AFP / Getty

dachshund

Dachshunds live 12 to 16 years of age, according to the American Kennel Club. PetMD says they have an average lifespan of 13 years.

dachshundDachshunds in a parade on October 13, 2018 in Melbourne, Australia. Dachshunds live an average of 12 to 16 years.
Scott Barbour

English springer spaniel

As a breed, English Springer Spaniels are generally healthy and live to be 12 or 14 years old. They are also kind and obedient dogs.

English springer spanielAn English Springer Spaniel on June 30, 2016 in Sydney, Australia. This breed is generally healthy.
James D. Morgan / Getty

Shetland sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdogs are energetic and light-colored, and have an average lifespan of 13 years.

Shetland sheepdogA Shetland Sheepdog on the NASDAQ MarketSite in New York City on November 26, 2019. They are energetic and smart dogs.
Michael Loccisano / Getty

Shih tzu

Healthy Shih Tzu dogs can live any age between 10 and 18 years, but have an average lifespan of 13 years. Shih Tzus are known to be loving and playful.

Shih TzuA pair of Shih Tzu dogs at the NEC Arena in Birmingham, England for the Crufts show on March 8, 2014. Healthy Shih Tzus can live to any age between 10 and 18 years old.
Matt Cardy / Getty

Miniature poodle

Most Miniature Poodles have long, happy, and healthy lives and can live up to 18 years, although the breed’s average lifespan is 13. Toy poodles are generally smart and confident dogs.

Miniature poodleMiniature poodles at the Crufts dog show on March 8, 2015. The breed’s average lifespan is 13 years.
Carl Court / Getty

Border collie

The intelligent and energetic Border Collie is robust and healthy. The breed will typically live until the age of 13.

Border colliesThree Border Collies on August 4, 2018 in Sydney. The breed is hardy and usually lives by the age of 13.
James D. Morgan / Getty

West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terriers are loyal and happy dogs. They have an average life expectancy of 13 years as they are generally a healthy breed.

West Highland White TerrierA West Highland White Terrier at Pier 92 in New York City on February 13, 2016. The terriers have an average life expectancy of 13 years.
Brad Barket / Getty

Whippet

Whippets are loving and playful dogs that reach an average age of 13 years. They benefit from a healthy diet as their frames are not suitable for carrying excess weight.

WhippetsWhippets at the Crufts dog show on March 11th, 2012. Whippets are loving and playful dogs with an average age of 13 years.
Whippets / Getty

Afghan dogs

The Afghan Hound is a worthy and loyal breed with an average lifespan of 12 years.

Afghan dogAn Afghan in Crufts on March 9, 2018. Afghans are a worthy and loyal breed.
Leon Neal / Getty

Golden retriever

Golden Retrievers are friendly and devoted dogs that live on average until the age of 12. They are generally healthy as a breed.

Golden retrieverA Golden Retriever at the American Kennel Club’s headquarters in New York City on February 22, 2016. Golden Retrievers are friendly and devoted dogs that tend to live until the age of 12.
Jamie McCarthy / Getty

Australian shepherd

Australian Shepherds are smart, work-oriented dogs that are generally healthy and have an average lifespan of 12 years.

Australian shepherdAn Australian Shepherd Dog on November 2, 2012 in Berlin. Australian Shepherds are generally healthy and have an average lifespan of 12 years.
Sean Gallup / Getty

beagle

Beagles are friendly and curious dogs and generally live to be 12 years old.

beagleA beagle at the American Kennel Club headquarters in New York City on February 22, 2016. Beagles are friendly and curious dogs.
Jamie McCarthy / Getty

Bichon Frize

The Bichon Frize breed is playful and curious. They have an average lifespan of 12 years.

Bichon FrizeA Bichon Frize at the Westminster Kennel Club Show in New York on February 13, 2017. The breed has an average lifespan of 12 years.
Timothy A. Clary / AFP / Getty

English cocker spaniel

English cocker spaniels are energetic dogs that generally live until the age of 12.

Cocker spanielA cocker spaniel on June 4th 2017 in South Shields, England.
Ian Forsyth / Getty

English setter

English setters are friendly and cheerful. They are usually around 12 years old.

English setterAn English setter at the Crufts Show in Birmingham on March 9, 2014. English Setters are friendly and cheerful dogs, typically around 12 years old.
Matt Cardy / Getty

Irish setter

Irish setters are an active breed that lives on average until the age of 12. You are generally healthy.

Irish setterAn Irish setter at Crufts in Birmingham, England on March 11th 2016. This active breed has an average lifespan of 12 years.
Ben Prunchie / Getty

Labrador Retriever

The friendly and sociable Labrador Retriever can live up to 12 years if they stay healthy.

LabradorA Labrador at Crufts on March 11, 2017. The friendly and sociable Labrador Retriever can live to be around 12 years old.
Matt Cardy / Getty

Maltese

Maltese dogs are known for their playfulness and charm. As a breed, they have few health issues and “typically live well in the double digits,” according to the American Kennel Club. They have an average lifespan of 12 years.

MalteseA Maltese in Madison Square Garden in New York City on February 13, 2006. The breed has an average lifespan of 12 years.
Shawn Elhers / WireImage / Getty

Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzers are smart and obedient dogs, and generally a healthy breed that lives up to an average age of 12 years.

Miniature SchnauzerA Miniature Schnauzer in Madison Square Garden in New York City on February 16, 2016. The breed lives an average of 12 years old.
Matthew Eisman / Getty

Dog Breeds

Even Puppies Get the Point

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Dogs’ ability to understand us and respond to our attempts to communicate with them has long been considered a fundamental part of the close relationship we share. More than two decades ago, researchers first provided evidence that dogs can follow human pointing gestures.

Many studies have since shown that when humans point at one of two identical objects to indicate the location of the food, dogs respond by choosing the one pointed more often than we would happen to expect. This may sound like an easy skill, but maybe that’s because it’s so easy for us. The idea that another species can respond to our hint is a big deal.

As with any significant discovery, this topic has been discussed at length. Behavioral questions mainly revolve around whether dogs are learning what this gesture means from spending so much time with us, or whether they can naturally understand that pointing is a way to get their attention to something interesting.

It is difficult to study for practical and ethical reasons. Most adult dogs have a lot of experience with humans. Raising dogs without such contact for the purposes of scientific study would be cruel and totally unacceptable. It would also be pointless because such dogs would be so poorly socialized and so fearful that they would not be able to participate in studies. However, puppies are a different matter.

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In a recent study, researchers used the fact that young puppies have limited experience with humans to examine their ability to respond to human pointing gestures. The 375 participating puppies were between 7.3 and 10.4 weeks old (mean age 8.4 weeks). The puppies were loaned out by Canine Companions for Independence, a non-profit group that provides assistance dogs to people with disabilities. The 203 females and 172 males came from 117 litters. In terms of breed, there were 98 Labrador Retrievers, 23 Golden Retrievers, and 254 Golden Retriever / Labrador Retriever crosses.


The experimenter hid food in one of two places and either (A) pointed and looked at the bait container, or (B) placed any marker next to the bait container. (C) Puppies exceeded chance expectation with both social cues, but not in an olfactory control state. Source: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.17.434752

In the study, the pups had a choice of two containers, one of which held a piece of snack food. While one person was holding the pup, another caught the pup’s attention and either pointed and looked at the food reward container, or showed the pup a marker (a small yellow block) and then placed the marker next to the correct container. Based on the dot gesture, the pups chose correctly more than two-thirds of the time. They correctly picked almost three-quarters of the time the person communicated the location of the food by placing the marker.

In control trials, where puppies were not directed and were likely to choose based on the smell of the food, their decisions had a success rate of 48.9 percent – essentially random and slightly worse than you’d expect based on chance alone. These experiments showed that puppies could not find the food by sniffing it out.

Multiple replications did not appear to improve the puppies’ performance. This suggests that they don’t learn the task while studying. (They had either already learned the task even though they were so young, or they could do it without having to study.) Previous studies in adult dogs – both lap dogs and assistance dogs – found similar success rates for the pointing task, and were even higher Success in the marker task.

Another aspect of this study examined the genetic basis for the variation in dogs’ ability to find food based on human information about their location. They found that 43 percent of the variation was due to heredity, confirming a long-standing belief that genetics play a role in dogs’ social and cognitive abilities. This is an important finding. In order for selection to affect a dog’s ability to respond to human communication, as there are many theories about the domestication of dogs, there must be a genetic basis.

It is important to understand that even a natural ability can be adaptive. Hence, it is not that dogs either have an innate ability or need to learn that ability. The idea that behavior is binary is extremely out of date. In fact, an influential 1967 study in my field of ethology had the brand name “Ontogenesis of an Instinct”. To understand why it was so dangerous, it is important to know that ontogeny means evolution.

The study looked at changes in a pattern of behavior that was believed to be instinctive: a gull chick pecks at one point on the beak of an adult gull to trigger feeding. Such species-specific behavior patterns were viewed as innate rather than learned. In a series of studies, Jack P. Hailman, PhD showed that learning took place and that gull chicks improved their chopping accuracy with practice.

The idea that instinctive behavior can be improved and that learning occurs in relation to such behaviors was revolutionary and has changed the field significantly. But here, more than 50 years later, we are still debating whether behavior is instinctive or learned. It is more complex than that, and we have to accept that learning can play a role even in natural and species-prevalent behavior.

One possibility that must always be considered is that dogs have a tendency to learn the ability to follow human gestures. That is, it can be easy and natural for them to learn. In fact, it can be so simple and natural that it can be difficult to find dogs who have not yet learned how to do it. The current study provides evidence that even young puppies who have not had extensive experience with humans can perform this task and – equally interesting and important – that there is a genetic basis for this behavior. However, dogs have not been shown to have this ability in the absence of experience with humans.

The researchers say it fairly in their work: “Taken together, our results show that the social skills of dogs are very important in early development and that the variation in these traits is strongly influenced by genetic factors.”

Source * thebark.com – * https://thebark.com/content/even-puppies-get-point

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Dog Breeds

How to Tell if Your Dog is a Genius

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Anyone who has lived with a dog knows their ability to learn the meanings of words, even those you wouldn’t want them to know. How many times did you have to spell the words “going” or “dinner” to avoid an explosion of excitement?

Previous studies have looked at how non-human animals, including chimpanzees, sea lions, and rhesus monkeys, learn words. But now, a paper published in Nature shows that some dogs learn the name of a new object after hearing it just four times, a skill previously believed to be limited to humans.

The researchers found that this skill was not common in all dogs studied, but may be limited to a few “talented” or well-trained individuals. So how do you know if your own dog is a genius or not?

The study was simple and easy to repeat at home. Just follow the researchers’ steps to see if your dog can learn the names of objects that quickly. But don’t worry if your dog doesn’t have this ability. This can only be due to his race or previous experience.

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Whiskey and Vicky Nina

The new study included a collie named Whiskey who knew 59 objects by name and a Yorkshire terrier named Vicky Nina who knew 42 toys.

The researchers tested each dog’s knowledge of their toy by asking them to bring each toy in turn. Neither the owners nor the experimenters could see the toys so as not to influence the choice of dogs.

Once it was determined that the dogs knew the names of all of their toys, the researchers introduced two new objects, each placed one at a time in a group of familiar toys. In this test, Whiskey chose the new toy every time. Vicky Nina got the right one in 52.5% of the attempts, which is a bit more than chance.

Learn new names

For the next part of the study, the dog was shown a toy, given its name, and then allowed to play with it. After repeating the name of two different new toys four times, the dog was asked to choose one of the two new toys.

No known toys were included in this part of the experiment in order to prevent the dog from choosing the right toy through exclusion. Knowing the name of all the other toys, the dog may choose the right toy, guessing that the unfamiliar word must indicate the unfamiliar toy.

Both dogs opted for the new toy more often than chance would predict, suggesting that they actually learned the name of a new object very quickly. However, her memory deteriorated significantly after 10 minutes and almost completely after an hour. This shows that the new learning needs more reinforcement if it is to be maintained.

Read More: Six Tips For Grooming Your New Puppy According To Science

The test with the new toy was also done by 20 volunteers with their own dogs, but these dogs did not show the ability to learn new names after a few hearings.

The authors suggested that the difference between the performance of the two dogs in their test and the volunteer dogs means that the dog may need to be unusually intelligent or have a lot of name learning experience in order to learn new names quickly.

A dog surrounded by toys.

Clever dogs

It is likely that a combination of factors are at work in these experiments. It is significant that the most common breed used in studies of this species is a border collie, specifically bred to perform audible commands and very highly motivated to perform tasks and please the handler. Yorkshire terriers also enjoy mental and physical stimulation.

Similar tests have been carried out by other research groups, usually using border collies. In 2004, a dog named Rico was found to know the names of 200 different objects, and in 2011 Chaser learned 1,022 unique objects.

Other breeds may be less interested in playing with or fetching toys. For example, greyhounds such as salukis and greyhounds are primarily bred for hunting or racing and are therefore generally more difficult to train. They may not show any interest in toys at all and be far less motivated to please the handler.

Smart dogs can learn new names quickly.

Both test dogs in this study received extensive training through play and social interaction to pay attention to the names and characteristics of the toys. This could make them more likely to notice the differences between new and familiar toys and to care about the verbal cues associated with them.

While their training was not formal, it was nonetheless positive reinforcement training, a powerful method of teaching animals and people. The dogs have undoubtedly learned their skills to a great extent.

It is entirely possible to train all dogs to perform tasks, including learning the names of objects. However, the degree to which they are willing and able to learn and perform the task depends heavily on the breed of dog and the motivation of the individual dog.

If your pet is an Afghan or Saint Bernard, don’t expect them to be interested in spending hours getting toys for you. On the other hand, if you have a border collie or poodle, their abilities can only be limited by your imagination and commitment to playing with them.The conversation

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Dog Breeds

10 Most Challenging Dog Breeds That Are Full Of Love

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All dogs need love, attention, and training – but some dog breeds need a little more than others. Every dog breed has its strengths and weaknesses. That doesn’t make any particular breed less loveable, but these 10 dog breeds may need a lot more patience and obedience training than others.
These breeds tend to be intelligent, independent, and stubborn, making then the least obedient dog breeds. Successfully training one of these breeds should win you an award!

00:00​ – Intro
00:30​ – Afghan Hound
01:19​ – Chow Chow
02:04​ – Basenji
02:45​ – Bulldog
03:24​ – Bloodhound
04:08​ – Pekingese
04:45​ – Dachshund
05:22​ – Welsh Terrier
06:03​ – Beagle
06:37​ – Borzoi
07:10​ – Outro

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