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The Kennel Club fears that the Otterhound, Dandie Dinmont Terrier and Skye Terrier dog breeds are threatened with extinction

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There are fears that the Otterhound, Dandie Dinmont Terrier and Skye Terrier are critically endangered after only 121 pups were born last year.

Puppies like Labradors and French Bulldogs saw record sales during the Covid lockdown, but the same cannot be said of the Otterhound, one of Britain’s oldest dog breeds dating back to the 12th century.

The scent dog only took in seven puppies in 2020. He’s been on the Kennel Club’s Most Endangered Species list for years, but this is the first time in a year that he has posted a single-digit number for newborn puppies.

Otterhounds are now rarer than giant pandas, of which there are around 2,000 worldwide, and a number of other purebred breeds are also a cause for concern.

These include the Skye Terrier, of which only 27 puppies were registered in 2020, and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, which added 87 newcomers.

Experts say these dogs have become a forgotten species and are rarely seen, while the demand for popular mixed breeds such as cavapoos and cockerpoos has skyrocketed to as much as £ 5,000.

There are fears that the Otterhound, Dandie Dinmont Terrier (litter pictured) and Skye Terrier are threatened with extinction after only 121 pups were born last year

The scent dog has been on the Kennel Club's Most Endangered Species list for years, but this is the first time in a year that it has recorded a single-digit number for newborn pups (Otterhound pups pictured in 2012).

The scent dog has been on the Kennel Club’s Most Endangered Species list for years, but this is the first time in a year that it has recorded a single-digit number for newborn pups (Otterhound pups pictured in 2012).

In 2020, only 27 Skye Terrier puppies were registered. Bill Lambert, Kennel Club Health and Welfare Director, said:

In 2020, only 27 Skye Terrier puppies were registered. Bill Lambert, Director of Health and Welfare at the Kennel Club, said, “We monitor these breeds and once they drop below 450 registered puppies per year we put them on the watchlist.”

Rare Heritage breed puppies cost a fraction of that, but are still ignored as no one knows anything about them.

The three breeds can trace their deaths back to 1978 when otter hunting, which became a common pastime in the Middle Ages because it was considered a pest, was banned.

In total, there are fewer than 1,000 otterhounds worldwide, with around 300 of them in the UK.

This compares with nearly 80,000 Labrador and French Bulldog puppies registered in 2020.

Former Crufts winner Maria Lerego said she could, on one hand, count the number of Otterhound breeders left, including herself.

Ms. Lerego of Ledbury, Herefordshire said: “I think the breed is seriously endangered and has a bleak future. Very grim.

“They never really became popular or sparked the imagination, and because they’re not glamorous people, they don’t want them.

‘Still, they make excellent pets. They are very sociable, intelligent and have very easy-going characters. ‘

A number of other purebred breeds that are also of concern are cause for concern, including the Dandie Dinmont Terrier (puppy pictured) which registered 87 new arrivals in 2020

A number of other purebred breeds that are also of concern are cause for concern, including the Dandie Dinmont Terrier (puppy pictured) which registered 87 new arrivals in 2020

New Forest breeder Madeleine Fear recently bred four Dandie Dinmont puppies, each of which has a home. Pictured: one of the rare puppies with his grandfather Basil

New Forest breeder Madeleine Fear recently bred four Dandie Dinmont puppies, each of which has a home. Pictured: one of the rare puppies with his grandfather Basil

A new batch of Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppies. Only 87 were born last year, compared to nearly 80,000 Labrador and French Bulldog puppies registered in 2020

A new batch of Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppies. Only 87 were born last year, compared to nearly 80,000 Labrador and French Bulldog puppies registered in 2020

A Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppy, pictured above. Ms. Fear said: It's amazing how many people don't know these dogs exist. '

A Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppy, pictured above. Ms. Fear said: It’s amazing how many people don’t know these dogs exist. ‘

Rare Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppies with their mother Polly. The current trend for dogs like the French bulldog and the cavapoo has resulted in puppy prices rising as high as £ 5,000

Rare Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppies with their mother Polly. The current trend for dogs like the French bulldog and the cavapoo has resulted in puppy prices rising as high as £ 5,000

Four Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppies. The breeder said: “All the time people ask me what breed it is because they have never seen one and they ask

Four Dandie Dinmont Terrier puppies. The breeder said, “All the time people ask me what breed it is because they have never seen one and they ask,” What is it crossed with? “

The Otterhound: One of Britain’s oldest dog breeds dating back to the 12th century

The Otterhound is one of the oldest dog breeds in Great Britain and dates back to the 12th century.

While it is likely that the breed was derived from Bloodhounds, it is believed that they are also related to French Griffons due to the pronounced ear folds.

There are fewer than 1,000 of them in the world and around 300 of them in the UK.

The breed can trace its death back to 1978 when otters were banned from hunting, but some breeders have helped protect the dog Future through the use of pack dogs.

Otter hunting began in the Middle Ages because there were so many small mammals that they were considered a pest. However, over time, hunting became a kind of sport.

An oily coat, webbed feet, sophisticated nostrils, and odor make the breed ideal for its original purpose.

Otterhounds have a lifespan of over 10 years and are classified as large dogs that require more than two hours of exercise per day and are groomed at least once a week.

Source: Kennel Club and DogTime

The current trend for dogs like the French bulldog and the cavapoo has resulted in puppy prices rising as high as £ 5,000.

Bill Lambert, Kennel Club Health and Welfare Director, said, “Some traditional breeds become less popular just because people don’t see them and forget about them.

“We’re trying to raise awareness to make sure people know about them.

“We know there is a trend towards smaller dogs these days, but there are many small breeds like many old English terrier breeds that are good companions and that popularity has started.

‘We monitor these breeds and once they drop below 450 registered breeds per year we put them on the watchlist.

“As soon as they are below 300, we start saying,” We have to do something about it as they are being endangered. “

‘For example, the Cairn Terrier has fallen from 1,300 in 2011 to around 440, and that gives us cause for concern. They are a great little breed and suitable for a lot of people, but they are just forgotten.

“There are certain breeds like the French Bulldog that have seen tremendous growth and have stolen some of the market from some terriers.”

New Forest breeder Madeleine Fear recently bred four Dandie Dinmont puppies, each of which has a home.

She said, “It’s amazing how many people don’t know these dogs exist.

“All the while people ask me what breed it is because they have never seen one and they ask,” What is it crossed with? “

“People paid £ 4,000 or £ 5,000 for popular intersections because they look at what their neighbors have. You buy what the dog looks like and have no idea what’s underneath.

Former Crufts winner Maria Lerego (pictured above, with a full-size Otterhound) said she could, on the one hand, count the number of Otterhound breeders left, including herself

Former Crufts winner Maria Lerego (pictured above, with a full-size Otterhound) said she could, on the one hand, count the number of Otterhound breeders left, including herself

Rare Heritage breed puppies cost a fraction of it but are still ignored as no one knows about it (file photo of an adult Otterhound).

Rare Heritage breed puppies cost a fraction of it but are still ignored as no one knows about it (file photo of an adult Otterhound).

“We’re going to lose these traditional races.”

Mr Lambert said social media was partly to blame for influencers driving trends by posting photos of themselves with their pets.

He said: “Years ago, in the 1950s and 1960s, the Welsh corgi became very popular because the queen was photographed with them very often.

“Nowadays we have different influences. Social media plays a huge role and we really attribute the rise of the French bulldog to social media.

“People are influenced by what they see and want to emulate their favorite celebrity and want to buy a dog from it, which is not always the best reason to get a dog.”

Mr Lambert said Otterhounds should be viewed as an alternative to Labradors when people are thinking about which dog to get.

He said, “There is a concern that the otterhound may become extinct. We no longer hunt otters and so they are now bred as companion dogs. They are a large breed and therefore have limited appeal.

“But for the right environment, they make great dogs. People who might be thinking of choosing a Labrador because they are simply more popular, when an Otterhound is actually a better fit with their lifestyle. ‘

Dog Breeds

Even Puppies Get the Point

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Dogs’ ability to understand us and respond to our attempts to communicate with them has long been considered a fundamental part of the close relationship we share. More than two decades ago, researchers first provided evidence that dogs can follow human pointing gestures.

Many studies have since shown that when humans point at one of two identical objects to indicate the location of the food, dogs respond by choosing the one pointed more often than we would happen to expect. This may sound like an easy skill, but maybe that’s because it’s so easy for us. The idea that another species can respond to our hint is a big deal.

As with any significant discovery, this topic has been discussed at length. Behavioral questions mainly revolve around whether dogs are learning what this gesture means from spending so much time with us, or whether they can naturally understand that pointing is a way to get their attention to something interesting.

It is difficult to study for practical and ethical reasons. Most adult dogs have a lot of experience with humans. Raising dogs without such contact for the purposes of scientific study would be cruel and totally unacceptable. It would also be pointless because such dogs would be so poorly socialized and so fearful that they would not be able to participate in studies. However, puppies are a different matter.

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In a recent study, researchers used the fact that young puppies have limited experience with humans to examine their ability to respond to human pointing gestures. The 375 participating puppies were between 7.3 and 10.4 weeks old (mean age 8.4 weeks). The puppies were loaned out by Canine Companions for Independence, a non-profit group that provides assistance dogs to people with disabilities. The 203 females and 172 males came from 117 litters. In terms of breed, there were 98 Labrador Retrievers, 23 Golden Retrievers, and 254 Golden Retriever / Labrador Retriever crosses.


The experimenter hid food in one of two places and either (A) pointed and looked at the bait container, or (B) placed any marker next to the bait container. (C) Puppies exceeded chance expectation with both social cues, but not in an olfactory control state. Source: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.17.434752

In the study, the pups had a choice of two containers, one of which held a piece of snack food. While one person was holding the pup, another caught the pup’s attention and either pointed and looked at the food reward container, or showed the pup a marker (a small yellow block) and then placed the marker next to the correct container. Based on the dot gesture, the pups chose correctly more than two-thirds of the time. They correctly picked almost three-quarters of the time the person communicated the location of the food by placing the marker.

In control trials, where puppies were not directed and were likely to choose based on the smell of the food, their decisions had a success rate of 48.9 percent – essentially random and slightly worse than you’d expect based on chance alone. These experiments showed that puppies could not find the food by sniffing it out.

Multiple replications did not appear to improve the puppies’ performance. This suggests that they don’t learn the task while studying. (They had either already learned the task even though they were so young, or they could do it without having to study.) Previous studies in adult dogs – both lap dogs and assistance dogs – found similar success rates for the pointing task, and were even higher Success in the marker task.

Another aspect of this study examined the genetic basis for the variation in dogs’ ability to find food based on human information about their location. They found that 43 percent of the variation was due to heredity, confirming a long-standing belief that genetics play a role in dogs’ social and cognitive abilities. This is an important finding. In order for selection to affect a dog’s ability to respond to human communication, as there are many theories about the domestication of dogs, there must be a genetic basis.

It is important to understand that even a natural ability can be adaptive. Hence, it is not that dogs either have an innate ability or need to learn that ability. The idea that behavior is binary is extremely out of date. In fact, an influential 1967 study in my field of ethology had the brand name “Ontogenesis of an Instinct”. To understand why it was so dangerous, it is important to know that ontogeny means evolution.

The study looked at changes in a pattern of behavior that was believed to be instinctive: a gull chick pecks at one point on the beak of an adult gull to trigger feeding. Such species-specific behavior patterns were viewed as innate rather than learned. In a series of studies, Jack P. Hailman, PhD showed that learning took place and that gull chicks improved their chopping accuracy with practice.

The idea that instinctive behavior can be improved and that learning occurs in relation to such behaviors was revolutionary and has changed the field significantly. But here, more than 50 years later, we are still debating whether behavior is instinctive or learned. It is more complex than that, and we have to accept that learning can play a role even in natural and species-prevalent behavior.

One possibility that must always be considered is that dogs have a tendency to learn the ability to follow human gestures. That is, it can be easy and natural for them to learn. In fact, it can be so simple and natural that it can be difficult to find dogs who have not yet learned how to do it. The current study provides evidence that even young puppies who have not had extensive experience with humans can perform this task and – equally interesting and important – that there is a genetic basis for this behavior. However, dogs have not been shown to have this ability in the absence of experience with humans.

The researchers say it fairly in their work: “Taken together, our results show that the social skills of dogs are very important in early development and that the variation in these traits is strongly influenced by genetic factors.”

Source * thebark.com – * https://thebark.com/content/even-puppies-get-point

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Dog Breeds

How to Tell if Your Dog is a Genius

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Anyone who has lived with a dog knows their ability to learn the meanings of words, even those you wouldn’t want them to know. How many times did you have to spell the words “going” or “dinner” to avoid an explosion of excitement?

Previous studies have looked at how non-human animals, including chimpanzees, sea lions, and rhesus monkeys, learn words. But now, a paper published in Nature shows that some dogs learn the name of a new object after hearing it just four times, a skill previously believed to be limited to humans.

The researchers found that this skill was not common in all dogs studied, but may be limited to a few “talented” or well-trained individuals. So how do you know if your own dog is a genius or not?

The study was simple and easy to repeat at home. Just follow the researchers’ steps to see if your dog can learn the names of objects that quickly. But don’t worry if your dog doesn’t have this ability. This can only be due to his race or previous experience.

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Whiskey and Vicky Nina

The new study included a collie named Whiskey who knew 59 objects by name and a Yorkshire terrier named Vicky Nina who knew 42 toys.

The researchers tested each dog’s knowledge of their toy by asking them to bring each toy in turn. Neither the owners nor the experimenters could see the toys so as not to influence the choice of dogs.

Once it was determined that the dogs knew the names of all of their toys, the researchers introduced two new objects, each placed one at a time in a group of familiar toys. In this test, Whiskey chose the new toy every time. Vicky Nina got the right one in 52.5% of the attempts, which is a bit more than chance.

Learn new names

For the next part of the study, the dog was shown a toy, given its name, and then allowed to play with it. After repeating the name of two different new toys four times, the dog was asked to choose one of the two new toys.

No known toys were included in this part of the experiment in order to prevent the dog from choosing the right toy through exclusion. Knowing the name of all the other toys, the dog may choose the right toy, guessing that the unfamiliar word must indicate the unfamiliar toy.

Both dogs opted for the new toy more often than chance would predict, suggesting that they actually learned the name of a new object very quickly. However, her memory deteriorated significantly after 10 minutes and almost completely after an hour. This shows that the new learning needs more reinforcement if it is to be maintained.

Read More: Six Tips For Grooming Your New Puppy According To Science

The test with the new toy was also done by 20 volunteers with their own dogs, but these dogs did not show the ability to learn new names after a few hearings.

The authors suggested that the difference between the performance of the two dogs in their test and the volunteer dogs means that the dog may need to be unusually intelligent or have a lot of name learning experience in order to learn new names quickly.

A dog surrounded by toys.

Clever dogs

It is likely that a combination of factors are at work in these experiments. It is significant that the most common breed used in studies of this species is a border collie, specifically bred to perform audible commands and very highly motivated to perform tasks and please the handler. Yorkshire terriers also enjoy mental and physical stimulation.

Similar tests have been carried out by other research groups, usually using border collies. In 2004, a dog named Rico was found to know the names of 200 different objects, and in 2011 Chaser learned 1,022 unique objects.

Other breeds may be less interested in playing with or fetching toys. For example, greyhounds such as salukis and greyhounds are primarily bred for hunting or racing and are therefore generally more difficult to train. They may not show any interest in toys at all and be far less motivated to please the handler.

Smart dogs can learn new names quickly.

Both test dogs in this study received extensive training through play and social interaction to pay attention to the names and characteristics of the toys. This could make them more likely to notice the differences between new and familiar toys and to care about the verbal cues associated with them.

While their training was not formal, it was nonetheless positive reinforcement training, a powerful method of teaching animals and people. The dogs have undoubtedly learned their skills to a great extent.

It is entirely possible to train all dogs to perform tasks, including learning the names of objects. However, the degree to which they are willing and able to learn and perform the task depends heavily on the breed of dog and the motivation of the individual dog.

If your pet is an Afghan or Saint Bernard, don’t expect them to be interested in spending hours getting toys for you. On the other hand, if you have a border collie or poodle, their abilities can only be limited by your imagination and commitment to playing with them.The conversation

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Dog Breeds

10 Most Challenging Dog Breeds That Are Full Of Love

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All dogs need love, attention, and training – but some dog breeds need a little more than others. Every dog breed has its strengths and weaknesses. That doesn’t make any particular breed less loveable, but these 10 dog breeds may need a lot more patience and obedience training than others.
These breeds tend to be intelligent, independent, and stubborn, making then the least obedient dog breeds. Successfully training one of these breeds should win you an award!

00:00​ – Intro
00:30​ – Afghan Hound
01:19​ – Chow Chow
02:04​ – Basenji
02:45​ – Bulldog
03:24​ – Bloodhound
04:08​ – Pekingese
04:45​ – Dachshund
05:22​ – Welsh Terrier
06:03​ – Beagle
06:37​ – Borzoi
07:10​ – Outro

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