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Dog Breeds

These Are the 30 Most In style Small Canine Breeds



Dogs are the most popular pet in America with 63.4 million U.S. households owning one, according a 2019–2020 survey by the American Pet Products Association. They’re also the most abandoned pets. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals reports that approximately 3.3 million dogs end up in shelters each year—a considerable number of animals being deserted by owners who find they can’t care for them properly.


If you’re considering adding a dog to your family, doing plenty of research beforehand is essential. Part of being a responsible pet owner is being realistic about what you can handle. For example, are you living in a city apartment or on a large farm? Do you have room for a big dog to stretch their legs, or should you stick to something smaller? Does the pooch need to mix well with kids or other dogs? Do you have lots of time to devote to a needy breed or should you be looking for something more independent?

Stacker is here to help that research and decision-making process go more smoothly. Using data from the American Kennel Club dog profiles, we’ve compiled a list of the 30 most popular small dog breeds. To be considered for the list, each dog’s max height must be at most 20 inches, and its max weight must be less than 50 pounds. We’ve ranked the dogs by their 2019 AKC popularity rank, which was released in 2020.

From celebrity favorites like Italian greyhounds to the queen of England’s preferred Pembroke Welsh corgi to old favorites like Yorkies and shih tzus, these smaller breeds may be short in stature but they have a great deal to offer in other areas. Bubbly personalities, cuddly couch potatoes, and high-energy athletes are among these beloved breeds—there’s sure to be a canine companion for everyone on the list.

You may also like: Most popular large dog breeds

#30. Chinese crestedPixabay

30. Chinese crested

– Height of dog: 11–13 inches
– Weight of dog: 8–12 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #80 (of 193)
– Temperament: affectionate, alert, lively
– Life expectancy: 13–18 years

The exact origins of the Chinese crested are ancient and unknown, but it is assumed they evolved from hairless African dogs who were reduced in size through Chinese breeding. There are two versions of the dog today: a hairless variety that has tufts of fur around its head, tail, and ankles and a coated variety (dubbed the “powderpuff”) that boasts a soft, shiny mane all over its body. The playful, loving pups make great family dogs and are good around children.

#29. Lhasa ApsoPixabay

29. Lhasa Apso

– Height of dog: 10–11 inches (male), slightly smaller (female)
– Weight of dog: 12–18 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #78 (of 193)
– Temperament: confident, smart, comical
– Life expectancy: 12–15 years

Lhasa Apso dogs have been serving as sentinels for palaces and Buddhist monasteries in the Himalayan Mountains for over a thousand years. The long, straight-haired breed became popular in America after the 14th Dalai Lama brought them over as gifts in the late 1940s. Lhasa Apsos’ luscious coats require regular grooming and attention to avoid matting, and they can be aloof with strangers, so owners need to ensure they can accommodate the dog’s needs before bringing them home.

#28. Miniature pinscherNeedpix

28. Miniature pinscher

– Height of dog: 10–12.5 inches
– Weight of dog: 8–10 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #74 (of 193)
– Temperament: fearless, fun-loving, proud
– Life expectancy: 12–16 years

Native to Germany and incredibly popular in Europe, miniature pinschers are an active, stubborn breed. They require ample exercise (experts recommend at least two walks a day) and are seldom content to just lounge around the house with their owners. The pups are famous for their high “hackney” gait, which is reminiscent of a horse at a trot.

#27. Cairn terrierPixabay

27. Cairn terrier

– Height of dog: 10 inches (male), 9.5 inches (female)
– Weight of dog: 14 pounds (male), 13 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #72 (of 193)
– Temperament: alert, cheerful, busy
– Life expectancy: 13–15 years

Cairn terriers have been rooting out rodents and foxes in the Scottish Highlands since at least the 1600s, but the most famous member of the breed, Terry, only became nationally recognized in 1939 after being chosen to play Toto in a small MGM production titled The Wizard of Oz. The shaggy, alert, and active dogs have been described as the ideal pals thanks to their unending loyalty and close bonds with both children and adults. The breed does well in almost any living situation, from small apartments to larger farms, as long as they get some amount of regular exercise.

#26. Italian greyhoundLenkadan / Shutterstock

26. Italian greyhound

– Height of dog: 13–15 inches
– Weight of dog: 7–14 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #67 (of 193)
– Temperament: playful, alert, sensitive
– Life expectancy: 14–15 years

This short-haired pup is the smallest member of the Gazehound (or sighthound) family, originating in the area that is now Turkey and Greece some 2,000 years ago. A favorite with celebrities like Kylie Jenner, Italian greyhounds are sweet and playful, combining the sedated nature of lap dogs with the active nature of a hound. Relatively low-maintenance, Italian greyhounds require slightly more care in the winter, when their low body fat necessitates special accommodations like sweaters and boots to make sure they stay warm.

#25. Cardigan Welsh corgiDaniel Stockman / Flickr

25. Cardigan Welsh corgi

– Height of dog: 10.5–12.5 inches
– Weight of dog: 30–38 pounds (male), 25-34 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #66 (of 193)
– Temperament: affectionate, loyal, smart
– Life expectancy: 12–15 years

Just looking at a Cardigan Welsh corgi you might not guess that the breed is particularly athletic or outdoorsy, but you’d be grossly mistaken. One of the oldest British breeds, it is thought that Cardigan Welsh corgis were brought by the Celts to Britain around 1200 B.C. in order to drive and herd cattle. The small pups have a “big dog” bark, but are faithful and particularly fond of children. That being said, the social breed needs plenty of regular exercise and ample space to explore.

#24. Scottish terrierDawid Kolano / Flickr

24. Scottish terrier

– Height of dog: 10 inches
– Weight of dog: 19–22 pounds (male), 18-21 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #56 (of 193)
– Temperament: confident, independent, spirited
– Life expectancy: 12 years

Nicknamed “the diehard,” Scottish terriers are aloof and cantankerous, best serving as watchdogs and not lapdogs. One expert has called the breed, “the oldest variety of the canine race indigenous to Britain,” where they’ve been serving as hunting companions for thousands of years. Scottish terriers peaked in popularity during the 1930s and ’40s, and perhaps the most famous of all their ranks was Fala, President Roosevelt’s dog during World War II.

#23. Soft coated Wheaten terrierPixabay

23. Soft coated Wheaten terrier

– Height of dog: 18-19 inches (male), 17–18 inches (female)
– Weight of dog: 35-40 pounds (male), 30–35 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #54 (of 193)
– Temperament: friendly, happy, deeply devoted
– Life expectancy: 12–14 years

An “iron fist in a velvet glove” soft coated Wheaten terriers are muscled farm dogs covered in a soft golden coat. The friendly-but-stubborn Irish pups can be difficult to train and need lots of exercise, but make great additions to families who are willing to put in the work.

#22. PapillonPixabay

22. Papillon

– Height of dog: 8–11 inches
– Weight of dog: 5–10 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #53 (of 193)
– Temperament: friendly, alert, happy
– Life expectancy: 14–16 years

It is papillons’ most distinctive feature, their large wing-shaped ears, that gives them their name (papillon is French for butterfly). A favorite with European royalty—Marie Antoinette owned one called Thisbe—the pups were bred as companions for noblewomen as early as the Renaissance. A great indoor pet, papillons don’t require much special attention at all: They thrive in all climates, their long coat doesn’t need regular grooming, and they get along well with family members both big and small.

#21. English cocker spanielPixabay

21. English cocker spaniel

– Height of dog: 16–17 inches (male), 15-16 inches (female)
– Weight of dog: 28–34 pounds (male), 26-32 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #50 (of 193)
– Temperament: energetic, merry, responsive
– Life expectancy: 12–14 years

Centuries ago, before the development of hunting rifles, Englishmen began breeding spaniels to assist with bird hunting. English Cocker spaniels are a direct result of this breeding and were often used by Victorian-era hunters to suss out and bring home feathered game. The silky coated dogs are merry, eager to please, easy to train, and make great family companions.

You may also like: Most Popular Dog Breeds in America in 2020

#20. Shiba inuPixabay

20. Shiba inu

– Height of dog: 14.5–16.5 inches (male), 13.5-15.5 inches (female)
– Weight of dog: 23 pounds (male), 17 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #45 (of 193)
– Temperament: alert, active, attentive
– Life expectancy: 13–16 years

Shiba Inus, the most popular canine companions in Japan, are relative newcomers to the West, arriving in America as little as 60 years ago. Almost fox-like in appearance and movement, these small dogs have been working as hunters in Japan since 300 B.C. The breed’s history means that they require a decent amount of exercise and cannot be trusted off the leash, but they are also sweet and adaptable companions content to lounge around with their owners for hours at a time.

#19. West Highland white terrierPixabay

19. West Highland white terrier

– Height of dog: 11 inches (male). 10 inches, female
– Weight of dog: 15–20 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #44 (of 193)
– Temperament: loyal, happy, entertaining
– Life expectancy: 13–15 years

Called Westies for short, West Highland white terriers have been bred in Scotland as rodent-catching dogs since the 1700s and have been popular companion dogs in America since the early 1900s. Their distinctive white fur gives them a plush-toy-like appearance, but their independent nature means they don’t generally act like the cuddly companions they’re perceived to be. Westies require little-to-no pampering and have few health issues, making them a great option for owners who are on the hunt for a low-maintenance pet.

#18. Bichon frisePixabay

18. Bichon frise

– Height of dog: 9.5–11.5 inches
– Weight of dog: 12–18 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #43 (of 193)
– Temperament: playful, curious, peppy
– Life expectancy: 14–15 years

Ideal city dogs, bichons frises are hypoallergenic couch potatoes who mix well with strangers and other pups. The breed is most noted for their big personalities: The dogs have often found success in showbiz and even earned their keep as circus performers in the late 1700s. One thing’s for certain, these comical, outgoing, and charming dogs are sure to bring joy to the lives of everyone around them.

#17. MaltesePixabay

17. Maltese

– Height of dog: 7–9 inches
– Weight of dog: under 7 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #36 (of 193)
– Temperament: gentle, playful, charming
– Life expectancy: 12–15 years

If Westies are the most low-maintenance small white pups out there, Maltese are the exact opposite. Their long white coats require daily brushing, they are prone to dental disease, and their stubborn nature can make them hard to train. That being said the dogs are playful, outgoing, and (barring any major health issues) generally live long lives, perfect for those looking to make a long-term canine commitment.

#16. ChihuahuaPixabay

16. Chihuahua

– Height of dog: 5–8 inches
– Weight of dog: not exceeding 6 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #35 (of 193)
– Temperament: charming, graceful, sassy
– Life expectancy: 14–16 years

It’s unknown exactly how long Chihuahuas have been around, but it’s certainly been centuries—the miniature pups decorate artifacts of several different lost civilizations. There are two varieties of this big personality pooch, long-haired and smooth-coat, both of whom require ample training to ensure they don’t rule the household like a “little Napoleon.” Ideal city dogs, Chihuahuas require very little exercise or space to roam and could be quite content living in a small apartment.

#15. PugPixabay

15. Pug

– Height of dog: 10–13 inches
– Weight of dog: 14–18 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #31 (of 193)
– Temperament: charming, mischievous, loving
– Life expectancy: 13-15 years

Another ancient breed, pugs were the preferred dogs of the Chinese emperors and Holland’s royal House of Orange. Small and muscular, these dogs are prone to obesity, but with regular exercise can maintain good health. Their sweet, loving, couch-potato nature makes them a perfect companion for less-active owners.

#14. Miniature American shepherdLextergrace / Wikimedia Commons

14. Miniature American shepherd

– Height of dog: 14–18 inches (male), 13-17 inches (female)
– Weight of dog: 20–40 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #29 (of 193)
– Temperament: good-natured, intelligent, devoted
– Life expectancy: 12–13 years

In the 1960s small Australian shepherds were bred to create an even more petite version of the herding dog, which the American Kennel Club classified as miniature American shepherds. Unwaveringly loyal and lively, these dogs make great, easily trainable companions and traveling partners. However, they do shed a considerable amount and require plenty of exercise to stay fit and healthy.

#13. Cocker spanielPixabay

13. Cocker spaniel

– Height of dog: 14.5–15.5 inches (male), 13.5–14.5 inches (female)
– Weight of dog: 25–30 pounds (male), 20–25 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #28 (of 193)
– Temperament: gentle, smart, happy
– Life expectancy: 10–14 years

In the 1950s, Cocker spaniels were the most popular dog breed in America. Their glorious coats, which require frequent and involved grooming, are the breed’s biggest draw behind their happy and playful personality. Cocker spaniels make great playmates for children and their eager-to-please attitudes make them easy to train.

#12. Shetland sheepdogPixabay

12. Shetland sheepdog

– Height of dog: 13–16 inches
– Weight of dog: 15–25 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #25 (of 193)
– Temperament: playful, energetic, bright
– Life expectancy: 12–14 years

Originally bred in the U.K.’s northernmost point, the Shetland Islands, Shetland sheepdogs look like a smaller, more compact version of their collie dog cousins. Used as herders, Shelties are incredibly vocal and wary of strangers but they are sensitive and affectionate towards their owners. Shelties are good with children and would make a great family dog.

#11. PomeranianPixabay

11. Pomeranian

– Height of dog: 6–7 inches
– Weight of dog: 3–7 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #24 (of 193)
– Temperament: inquisitive, bold, lively
– Life expectancy: 12–16 years

Often called ideal companions, Pomeranians are intelligent, playful, and sweet. The favorite of Queen Victoria, the little fluffy dogs seem to have a permanent smile stamped on their faces and have been known to make great therapy dogs. The pups do require frequent grooming and their small size makes them prone to injuries, but when cared for correctly they’re active and can be fun pets.

You may also like: These Are the 63 Smartest Dog Breeds

#10. HavanesePixabay

10. Havanese

– Height of dog: 8.5–11.5 inches
– Weight of dog: 7–13 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #22 (of 193)
– Temperament: intelligent, outgoing, funny
– Life expectancy: 14–16 years

The only dog breed native to Cuba, Havanese dogs first came to America with their owners on the heels of Fidel Castro’s revolution. The dog has become increasingly popular with city dwellers over recent years as they don’t require too much space or exercise to stay happy and healthy. Havanese are smart, playful, and funny dogs who are easy to train and fairly extroverted.

#9. Boston terrierPixabay

9. Boston terrier

– Height of dog: 15–17 inches
– Weight of dog: 12–25 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #21 (of 193)
– Temperament: friendly, bright, amusing
– Life expectancy: 11–13 years

The official mascot of Boston University for nearly 100 years, Boston terriers are native to the East Coast city. Easily identifiable by their “tuxedo” coat, the breed is alert, social, and happy-go-lucky. They do well in urban areas and small living quarters as long as they’re exercised regularly by their owners.

#8. Shih tzuPixabay

8. Shih tzu

– Height of dog: 9–10.5 inches
– Weight of dog: 9–16 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #20 (of 193)
– Temperament: affectionate, playful, outgoing
– Life expectancy: 10–18 years

First bred by imperial breeders in the palace of the Chinese emperor, shih tzus were virtually unknown to the outside world until the 1930s. Since then, the tiny pooch has become a favorite in America and the U.K. The dogs are calm, preferring snoozing on the couch to hiking in the woods, and affectionate (especially with children).

#7. Miniature schnauzerPixabay

7. Miniature schnauzer

– Height of dog: 12–14 inches
– Weight of dog: 11–20 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #18 (of 193)
– Temperament: friendly, smart, obedient
– Life expectancy: 12–15 years

The smallest of the Schnauzer breeds, miniature schnauzers are sturdy dogs who love vigorous play. The pups get along well with other dogs and kids and are known to make great watchdogs.

#6. Cavalier King Charles spanielKbwatts / Wikimedia Commons

6. Cavalier King Charles spaniel

– Height of dog: 12–13 inches
– Weight of dog: 13–18 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #16 (of 193)
– Temperament: affectionate, gentle, graceful
– Life expectancy: 12–15 years

Named for King Charles II, Cavalier King Charles spaniels are among the most adaptable dog breeds. A mix between a toy breed and a sporting breed, the dogs are content leading either an active or a homebody life depending on what their owner exposes them to. The sweet and friendly dogs are prone to several health issues however, including eye conditions, hip dysplasia, and neurological conditions.

#5. Yorkshire terrierPixabay

5. Yorkshire terrier

– Height of dog: 7–8 inches
– Weight of dog: 7 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #12 (of 193)
– Temperament: affectionate, sprightly, tomboyish
– Life expectancy: 11–15 years

With their long, silky coat and companionable nature, Yorkshire terriers have long acted as companions to fashionable ladies. Their fur, which is very akin to human hair, requires consistent grooming and is low-allergen. The sweet, friendly pups have been among the top 10 most popular dog breeds since 2013.

#4. DachshundPixabay

4. Dachshund

– Height of dog: 8–9 inches (standard), 5–6 inches (miniature)
– Weight of dog: 16–32 pounds (standard), 11 pounds and under (miniature)
– 2019 popularity rank: #11 (of 193)
– Temperament: friendly, curious, spunky
– Life expectancy: 12–16 years

A German breed, dachshunds come in two varieties, standard size (16–32 pounds) or miniature (11 pounds or under). Smart, brave, and stubborn these long and low dogs are pretty active but are certainly indoor dogs thanks to their social nature. Their loud, hound-ish bark is a holdover from their days as badger hunters some 300 years ago.

#3. Pembroke Welsh corgiPixabay

3. Pembroke Welsh corgi

– Height of dog: 10–12 inches
– Weight of dog: up to 30 pounds (male), up to 28 pounds (female)
– 2019 popularity rank: #10 (of 193)
– Temperament: affectionate, smart, alert
– Life expectancy: 12–13 years

Queen Elizabeth II’s favorite breed, Pembroke Welsh corgis were originally created to herd animals on English farms—a far cry for the royal palace. Affectionate but not needy, independent, and incredibly active, these pups aren’t for everyone, but those who can meet the dogs’ need for frequent exercise will be rewarded with a most loyal companion.

#2. BeaglePixabay

2. Beagle

– Height of dog: 13 inches and under, 13–15 inches
– Weight of dog: under 20 pounds (13 inches and under), 20–30 pounds (13–15 inches)
– 2019 popularity rank: #7 (of 193)
– Temperament: friendly, curious, merry
– Life expectancy: 10–15 years

After they began arriving in America around the time of the Civil War, beagles became instantly popular and have remained among the most popular breeds ever since. Bred to hunt in packs the dogs are incredibly social and thrive when placed in a home that has other dogs. They also need at least an hour of strenuous exercise every day to help them run off energy and maintain their health.

#1. French bulldogPixabay

1. French bulldog

– Height of dog: 11–13 inches
– Weight of dog: under 28 pounds
– 2019 popularity rank: #4 (of 193)
– Temperament: adaptable, playful, smart
– Life expectancy: 10–12 years

Bright, affectionate, and quiet French bulldogs have long been one of the most popular small dog breeds. City pups at heart, these dogs don’t require lots of outdoor exercise and love being social. However, due to their squished snouts, they often suffer from breathing problems and are known to have eye conditions.

You may also like: Do You Know Your Dog Breeds?

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Dog Breeds

Russell is out there | The bark



russell is out there | the bark

We buried Russell at the end of the dunes, wherever he went when he was off a leash. The digging was good, all sand, a little damp which helped avoid collapses. I brought him well and deep, far from any living thing that might dig for him and succumb to the drugs that had been used to euthanize him.

I took off his collar to rescue him on his journey, but replaced it with his chase collar. I don’t know why I did this. I don’t think clearly all the time. When my parents died and the house we grew up in was sold, I thought about calling the old number, only with the possibility that mom or dad would pick up wherever they were out in the void. I never did. I guess I put the tracking collar on Russell for the same reason I considered calling my old number: just to see what might happen.

Nothing happened for a few days and then I got a ping from the hand-tracking unit. It was late at night and I could clearly see the illuminated topo map of Russell’s trail moving on a dirt road along the Mad River. He traveled an hour or two hanging out by our favorite pool, then the track disappeared. I fell back into bed with my mouth open. Russell was out there somewhere, just like I had always hoped it would be!

It got interesting when I followed Russell on his travels. One day I got a hit and found that it was out in the stars. This is not a feature I thought the tracker could perform. I was amazed and excited! It was moving quickly and not always in a straight line. It seemed to be bouncing from point to point like a pinball machine. When he finally stopped, the topographical map of the tracker zoomed in on a watery planet. The topo map on this planet was all blue; There were no islands or land masses. Russell’s trail snaked here and there, and I knew he had the time of his life, swimming with the same expression of deep joy on his face that he always had when he did one of his long swimming exercises.

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I started preparing a selection of gear for the various trips we’d taken with Russell and Bella, our lean pit bull mix. I had a daypack with snacks and juice for a possible trip up the Mad River, and my backpack was loaded with gear for three days for a trip to a secret location I had stumbled upon in the Trinity Alps. Or if he drove to his favorite dune spot, we could just load them all into the car and chase them out of there.

These were Russell’s favorite places. I thought the next time Russell rang the doorbell near home, I would try to meet with him. I knew this was going to be a long way as his visits seemed to vary from hours to days and if I found him he might just be a glimmer or even invisible

A day later I got my chance when my unit called that Russell was at Dragonfly Camp, our secret location on the North Fork of the Trinity, a place he just loved. It was early morning and still dark, which was good. I could get to the trailhead around 10am, pack up, and have plenty of time to set up camp and look for Russell.

On game trails, I climbed the ridge and straight down the other side, then took a side course to get to my hiding place. It’s a beautiful place with deep pools and no human footprints, just animal prints and a few old mining machines here and there.

I leaned my backpack on a rock and went to Russell. His favorite spot was right around the great rock wall that ran into the river. A rock shelf angled over the water on the back of the great rock. It was a good place to see everywhere and far down the river.

When I turned the corner, Russell was there – or at least most of him. It seemed to shimmer out of focus and out of focus. He was very happy to see me and I was very happy to see him. We sat down together in his place, the sun warmed us, the green moss softly below us on the warm rock. It was wonderful. Sometimes he snuggled into a hug and I could feel his snout against me and the soft fur on his head.

We did a few things before it got dark – walked down the river and crossed it to get to his favorite meadow, swam in the river and shared oysters and whiskey next to the fire in the evening. I was glad he had spent the hours there and hoped it would take a little longer.

When I got into the tent, Russell followed and we crouched. I was very lucky to have any time with Russell at all. As I nodded off with my arm around him, I inhaled the Zen that Russell had taught me. His nightly breathing was a quick inhalation and then a slow escape of air through his closed mouth. It sounded like humming or purring. When I did, Russell did, too, and then slipped forward and pressed his grizzled snout against my face as we both purred into the night.

Some time later, I knew Russell was gone. It was heartbreaking, but it was okay too. He was out there. My dog ​​hadn’t disappeared into nothing. All of my dogs were out there and with me, not just in my dreams.

It is a difficult concept when I look at the sky at night and try to figure out what it is all about. This tiny blue world in the middle of an eternity of stars, all the creatures here on earth, all the things that must be in all universes. It’s complex and absolutely wonderful.

I also wonder about the Big Bang, which may or may not be real, and then I think, “Well, what was there before the Big Bang?” Or for those who believe in God (or gods), what was before God? How can there be something where there was nothing before? The only thing that makes sense to me is when the time isn’t real. Then right now there is no before or after. That doesn’t really help and it also makes my head ache.

A week later we got a final ping from Russell. He was out on our dune. Regina, Bella, and I jumped in the car and took off, hoping he’d stay long enough so we could get out of there and see him. It’s a beautiful place with interesting plants and hawks and traces of foxes, rabbits and small critters everywhere. Russell was there jumping through the dune grass and Bella stormed after him. She missed him so much.

We followed their frenzy and were allowed to give Russell lots of hugs along the way. As Russell led us to his grave, it got darker and darker. Then, a hundred yards from his resting place, Russell was gone. We could all feel it. Bella lifted her head and sniffed the air.

We climbed the low ridge on which Russell was buried and found his chase collar in the sand. Russell had given me a reassuring glimpse of his new life through the chase collar for a few weeks. Now we both knew we no longer needed it.

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Dog Breeds

How to talk to your dog – according to science



how to talk to your dog according to science

Dogs are special. Every dog ​​owner knows this. And most dog owners feel that their dog understands every word they say and every move they make. Research over the past two decades has shown that dogs can truly understand human communication in a way that no other species can. However, a new study confirms that if you want to train your new pup there is a certain way you should talk to him or her to maximize the likelihood that he will follow what you say.

There is already a lot of research showing that the way we communicate with dogs is different from the way we communicate with other people. When we talk to dogs, we use what is known as “dog-driven speech”. This means that we change the structure of our sentences, shorten and simplify them. We also tend to speak at a higher pitch in our voices. We also do this when we are unsure whether we are understood or when we are talking to very young infants.

A new study showed that we use an even higher pitch when talking to puppies and that this tactic really helps the animals pay more attention. The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, showed that speaking to puppies with dog-controlled speech made them responsive and caring more about their human instructor than regular speaking.

To test this, the researchers use so-called “playback” experiments. They took pictures of people and repeated the phrase “Hi! Hey sweetie! Who is a good boy Come here! Good boy! Yes! Come here honey What a good boy! “Each time the speaker was asked to look at photos of puppies, adult dogs, old dogs, or no photos. Analysis of the recordings revealed that the volunteers changed the way they talk to dogs of different ages.

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The researchers then played the recordings to several puppies and adult dogs and recorded the animals’ behavior in response. They found that the pups reacted more strongly to the footage while the speakers looked at pictures of dogs (the dog-driven speech).

The study did not find the same effect in adult dogs. However, other studies that recorded dogs’ responses to human voice in live interactions, including the work I did, have suggested that speaking to dogs can be useful for communicating with dogs of all ages.

Follow the point

It has also been proven (and most dog owners will tell you) that we can communicate with dogs through physical gestures. From puppy age, dogs respond to human gestures, such as pointing, in ways that other species cannot. The test is very simple. Place two identical cups in front of your dog, covering small pieces of food, and make sure that he cannot see the food and has no information about the contents of the cups. Now point to one of the two cups while you make eye contact with your dog. Your dog will follow your gesture to the mug you pointed at and explore the mug, expecting to find something underneath.

This is because your dog understands that your act is an attempt to communicate. This is fascinating as not even man’s closest living relatives, chimpanzees, seem to understand that humans are communicating intentions in this situation. Wolves – the dog’s closest living relatives – also not, even when raised like dogs in a human environment.

This has led to the idea that dogs’ abilities and behaviors in this area are actually adaptations to the human environment. This means that dogs have lived in close contact with humans for over 30,000 years and have developed communication skills that effectively match those of human children.

However, there are significant differences in how dogs understand our communication and how children do it. The theory is that, unlike children, dogs regard pointing people as a kind of mild commandment telling them where to go rather than conveying information. On the other hand, when you point to a child, they think you are telling them something.

This ability of dogs to recognize “spatial guidelines” would be the perfect adaptation to living with humans. For example, dogs have been used for thousands of years as a kind of “social tool” to help herding and hunting when they had to be guided over a great distance by gestural instructions. The latest research confirms the idea that dogs have not only developed the ability to recognize gestures, but also a special sensitivity to the human voice that helps them know when to respond to what is being said.

This article is republished by The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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Dog Breeds

Should I have a second dog?



should i have a second dog?

Dear bark: My dog ​​is getting older, he likes to play with other dogs and he doesn’t like to be left alone. I want him to have the best life possible, and I’ve heard that a dog buddy is key. Should I have a second dog? The thing is, I don’t know how I feel with two dogs.

Your goal of giving your dog the best possible life is adorableThe first thing I recommend is trying out a few ways that you can do this right away. People often wonder if I should get a second dog to keep my canine company? If your thoughts about another dog are primarily motivated by a desire to do what’s right for your current dog, there are other ways to do so.

Adding a second dog to your household is a big decision, and while I can share general suggestions and points to consider, only you can decide if this is the right thing for you. The best advice I can give you is this: only greet another dog in your life if you want one. The responsibility for caring for a new dog is yours and the decision should be based on what you honestly believe is ready and able.

As you know, dogs require a lot of time, money, and emotion. It is important for the entire household to agree on having a second dog, and reasons for adopting another dog should include more than a desire to make your current dog happy, even if they are well-intentioned and from the heart is. That said, don’t do it if your primary purpose is to fix a problem your current dog is having or to fill an absence in their life.

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If you’ve decided that you really want a different dog, here are a few factors to consider.

Are Dogs Happier With Another Dog?

Some dogs, including some older dogs, are happy to have a new dog in the family. I’ve seen older dogs enjoy new dogs many times, whether the new dog is an adult, a teenager, or a puppy. Sometimes the addition of a younger, more playful dog revitalizes an older dog. They get happier, more alive, and somehow more alive in their golden years, which is a beautiful thing.

On the other hand, I’ve also seen a lot of older dogs not happy to share their place and people with a new dog. They end up irritated, and what should be a peaceful time in their life may be less calm because of too much harassment bothering them.

This is where looking at your dog’s perspective comes into play. How do you know what category your dog would be in? There’s no way you can know for sure, but there are clues to help you make your best guesses.

In general, if your dog enjoys playing with other dogs, likes to see them on walks, and has met many dogs that they have had positive encounters with, they are more likely to welcome a new dog. If he can easily get along with other dogs around his food and toys, that is also a good sign that he is enjoying a new dog.

If your dog briefly likes dogs and then is ready to get away, he may not have a different dog around the house all day every day. If he has arthritis or other chronic pain, it can also be physically uncomfortable for him to have a play partner all the time. If he objects to other dogs walking up to you, seeking your attention, or being petted by you, he may have trouble having another dog in the family. These potential problems aren’t deal breakers, but they do mean that once you’ve brought a new dog into the house, you’ll likely have more work to do. This can also mean that the dogs need to be separated in certain situations or for part of each day.

If you do decide to adopt a dog, choosing a dog that is compatible with your dog increases the chances of the addition to being beneficial. Two characteristics to consider are activity levels and play style. If your dog wants to play for five minutes a few times a day and the new dog wants to play when he’s not sleeping, this is a challenge to their relationship. If your dog likes to wrestle and the new dog is all about chase games, it will require more compromise and teamwork than if both of them like to pull, for example.

Age and height play a role in some cases, but they are not necessarily as important as other characteristics. Dogs of different ages and sizes can be best friends, but similarities in these categories can make it easier for them to build strong friendships.

And then there is gender. Millions of people have two female or two male dogs, but adopting a dog of the opposite sex is often recommended as it reduces the risk of fighting. While there is no clear evidence of how important gender might be in this situation, many behaviorists (including myself) anecdotally report that most of the worst cases of domestic fights tend to involve dogs of the same sex. When all things are the same, you should adopt a woman since you already have a man.

Your dog is lucky enough to have someone who cares so much about their happiness!

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